One Marks 10th(SSLC) Social Science Question And Answers-Passing Package

One marks Social Science Question and Answers .

1. Which was the first country to launch voyages across the Sea ?

- Portugal

2. Why Dutches closed their trading centres in India very early ?

- They concentrated their trade in the islands of South East Asia.

3. Who was Dupleix ?

- First French Governor who planned to set up a French empire in a India.

4. Who started celebrating the Dasara Festival ?

- Raja Wodeyar

5. Who wrote ‘ Hadhibadeya Dharma ’ ?

- Sanchi Honnamma

6. Name the literary work of Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar .

- Chikkadevaraja Binnapam in praise of the deity at Melukote Cheluvanarayana.

7. In which battle Hyder Ali defeated by Sir Eyre Coote ?

- Battle of Solignur

8. Who is known as ‘ Tiger of Mysora ’ ?

- Tippu Sulthan.

9. Who was the King of Mysore accepted the Policy of subsidiary alliance ?

- Krishna Devaraja Wodeyar III

10. Who was the first native ruler accept the principle of Subsidiary Alliance ?

- Nizam of Hyderabadh ( In 1978 )

11. Who was the last Peshwa of Maratas ?

- Baji Rao II

12. Who described as ‘ The Loin of Punjab ’ ?

- Ranajith Singh

13. Who presented the Kohinoor Daimond to the English ?

- Dulip Singh

14. Who were the famous commissioners to administer the Mysore State?

- Cubban & Bowring

15. Which was the first major Hydro Electrical Power venture started?

- Shivanasamudhra ( In 1902 )

16. Who is called ‘The maker of Modern Mysore state ’ ?

- Krishna Raja Wodeyar IV

17. How british historians have described ‘ The Revolt of 1857 ’ ?

- Sepoy Mutiny

18. How Indian historians have described ‘The Revolt of 1857 ’ ?

- The First war of Indian Independence

19. Who has been described as the bravest among the mutineers?

- Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai

20. What do you meant by ‘ Mahal ’ ?

- Taluk

21. Which is the system recognized the rights of the cultivator over his land permanently?

- Ryotwari System.

22. Where & When first railway line laid in India ?

- In between Bombay & Thane – 1853

23. When was the new constitution of India ready?

- On 26 November , 1949

24. Who wrote the work ‘ Satyartha Prakash ’ ?

- Dayanandha Saraswathi

25. Who & Where first girls high school was started?

- M G Ranade at Poona in 1884

26. Who was influenced on Jyothi Ba Phule ?

- Thomas Paine

27. Who & When was INC established?

- A O Hume , In 1885

28. Where did INC’s first session held ? Who presided it ?

- In Mumbai, W C Bannerji presided it.

29. Who was developed the Drain Theory ?

- Dada Bhai Naoroji

30. Who was the british governer general partitioned Bengal region ? When ?

- In 1905 , Lord Curzon

31. Who was the freedom fighter died during strong protest against Simon Commission visit ?

- Lala Lajapath Rai

32. What was the goal of Lahore Congress session in 1929 ?

- Poorna Swaraj

33. Which are called as seeds of the partition of the country ?

- August offer & Proposals of Crips Mission

34. Who was the first governor general of independent India ?

- Mount Batten

35. Who called for direct action day ? When ?

In August 16 , 1946 , Mohammed Ali Jinna

36. Why did the Bedas of Halagali in Mudhol state to revolt against british ?

- Arms Act

37. Who was establish Hindusthan Seva Dal ?

- N S Hardekar

38. Who was preside the Belagam Congress Session of 1924 ?

- Mahatma Gandhiji

39. Who was shot at Hosaritti near Haveri ?

- Mailar Mahadevappa

40. Who was called as ‘ The Iron Man Of India ’ ?

- Sardar Vallaba Bai Patel

41. Name the state which was unified to India on the basis of Majority of people.

- Junagad.

42. Name the state which was merged to India on the basis of Police Action.

- Hydrabadh

43. Who were signed for Tashkent agreement ? Why ?

- Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastry & Pakisthan President Ayub Khan signed for agrrement in 1966

- To solve the problem of Kashmir

44. What is POK ?

- Pak Occupied Kashmir

45. Name the state which was reorganized on the basis of language at first?

- Andhra Pradesh

46. Who were the members of State Reorganized Commission ?

- Fazal Ali ( President ) , K M Panikhar , & H N Kunzru

47. When was The state of Mysore came into existence?

- In 1 of November 1956

48. Who is the father of Goan Liberation Struggle ?

- T B Cunha

49. Who was the Tibetian religious leader settled in India ?

- Dalai Lama

50. Why did The USA join the First World War ?

- German submarines sank the ship Lusitania.

51. Who organized a band of young revolutionaries of Communist in Russia ?

- Lenin

52. Who was introduced the ‘Collective Farming in Russia ’ ?

- Stalin

53. Which were the countries participated in Opium war ?

- China & England.

54. Who was launched the Long March in China ?

- Mao Tse Tsung

55. How was Chinese economy improved ?

- By introducing Leap Forward Policy

56. Which was the country followed the policy of Isolation till 1854 ?

Or

Which was the country called The land prone to Earthquakes ?

- Japan

57. Who was the American Naval Commander secured the right of trading with Japan ?

- Commodore perry

58. What were the changes occurred by Meiji restoration?

- To welcome modern science & technology , to develop as a rich industrial nation

59. What is the Parliement of Japan called ?

- DIET

60. Which was the first instance of an Asian nation defeating an European power ?

- Japan defeated Russia in 1905.

61. Why did Russia turned neutral in the course of the First World War ?

- Because of Russian revolt in 1917.

62. What were the new techniques used in The First World War ?

- Trench War fare , Air surveying , Air bombing , Use of Battle tanks

63. Where was the head quarter of League of nation situated ?

- Geneva

64. Name the European countries where dictatorship emerged ?

- Germany , Italy & Spain

65. Why did dictatorship emerged in Europe ?

- Because of the promise of national reconstruction in a grand way.

66. Who built The Nazi party in Germany ?

Or

Who wrote the famous work of ‘ Mein Kempf ’ ( My Struggle )

Or

Who organized a private army called ‘ The Brown Shirts ’ ?

Or

Who was assumed the title ‘ The Fuehrer ’ ?

- Adolf Hitler

67. What were the reasons Hitler gave for the poor status of Germany?

- The communists, the Jews, the treaty of Versailles.

68. Who organized the ‘ Fascist ’ in Italy ?

Or

Who organized a private paramilitary force called ‘ Black Shirts ’ ?

- Mussolini

69. From which cities of Japan , America dropped the atom bombs ?

- Hiroshima & Nagasaaki

70. Who was formulated the ‘ The Marshal Plan ’ ? Why ?

- Truman

- For the reconstruction of nations who were destroyed by the second world war & rendered substantial financial aid.

71. Who took the leadership of communist revolution of Cuba ?

- Fidel Castro

72. Who were ended the Cold war ?

- USA president George Bush & Russian president Yeltstin.

73. Which event was evident for the end of Cold war ?

- Divide of USSR

74. Who headed the the freedom movement of Indonesia ?

- Sukarno

75. Who headed the the freedom movement of Kenya ?

- Jomo Kenyatta

76. Who headed the the freedom movement of Tanganyika?

- Julius Nyerere

77. Who headed the the freedom movement of Uganda ?

- Obote

78. Which is earlier known as ‘ Gold Coast ’ ?

- Ghana

79. By which factor , Egypt become a rich country ?

- Due to its oil resources.

80. Which were the countries signed ‘ Camp David Agreement ’ ?

- Egypt & Isreal

81. Who were the terrorist made aerial attacks on America ?

- Al Qaeda

82. Who struggle for the ended of Apartaheid in South Africa ?

- Nelson Mandela

83. Which amendment of the Indian constitution was made Education as a fundamental right ?

- 93 rd

84. In which list of the constitution education laid ?

- Concurrent list

85. What is Operation Black Board Scheme?

- It is a program where the Government has to provide sufficient teachers & infrastructure to school.

86. When was the government of India introduced the ‘National Adult Education Program ’ ?

- In 1978

87. Which is the program me organized to attract children to school during vacations?

- Chinnara Angala

88. Who was the Chairman of Commission on Regional Imbalance which was appointed by The government of Karnataka ?

- Dr . D M Nanjundappa

89. When was Commission on SC & ST’s set up by the Govt. of India ?

- In 1978 ( Implementation of Civil rights )

90. Which year was declared as the ‘ Year of Women Empowerment ’ ?

- Year 2001.

91. Which are the voluntary associations have taken up for a Child Welfare ?

- Balawadi & Anganawadi

92. Why has the government established the Lokayuktha ?

- To fighting against Corruption.

93. When was Consumer protection act introduced?

- In 1986

94. When was Anti Dowry Act passed?

- In 1961

95. Which was the prominent program under taken to reduce poverty & economic inequality ?

- IRDP ( Intensive Rural Development Program )

96. Which program is implemented when there is a drought or famine ?

- Food for Work

97. What is VETO power?

- It has the right of permanent members of Security Council is exercised the matter will not become a decision.

98. Where the head quarter of international court of justice is located?

- The Hague in Holland.

99. What were the important events noteworthy in the Human rights direction?

- American war of independence in 1776 and The French revolution of 1789.

100. When was UNO proclaimed Human Rights? And what was proclamation?

- On December 10, 1948.

- Human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

101. Who was the first person who condemned racial discrimination in the world?

- Abraham Lincoln.

102. Who was known as “ The Gandhi of America”?

- Martin luther king jr.

103. Which longitude is based on Indian standard time?

- 82 1/2  East longitude

104. Which is the highest peak in the world ?

- Mount Everest ( 8848 m )

105. Which is the highest peak in India ?

- K2 / Mount Godwin Austin ( 8611 m )

106. Which is the southern - most point of India ?

- Indira Point ( Pigmalion Point )

107. Major Rivers & Their Birth Place

River

Birth Place

Brahmaputhra

( Tsang- po )

Chemayundung

Ganga

( Longest in India )

Gangothri

Indus

Mount Kailash

Godavari

( Longest in South India & East flowing river )

Thriambak

Narmada

( Longest in West flowing river )

Amarkantak

Krishna

Mahabaleshwar

Mahanadhi

Siwaha Range

Cauvery

Tala Cauvery

Tapti

Multai

108. What are the most important fresh water lakes of India ?

- Dal & Wulur lake , Nal lake ( Fresh water lake & Well known bird Sanctuary )

109. Which place has the highest temperature in India ?

- Ganganagar in Rajasthan ( 520 C )

110. What is Mango Showers ?

- The Pre monsoon showers that occur in April & May in Kerala.

111. Mention the meaning of ‘ Mousam ’ ?

- Season

112. Why did the south west monsoon winds start retreating from the beginning of October ?

- Due to decrease in temperature & increase in pressure

113. Which is the region has very low rain fall in India ?

- Royli in Rajasthan ( 8.3 cm / year )

114. Which is the region has heavy low rain fall in India ?

- Mawsynram ( 1141 cm/ year )

115. From which monsoon give heavy rain to a greater part of India ?

- South West Monsoons

116. What kind of climate does large part of India has ?

- Tropical Monsoon Climate

117. ‘ The Ever Green Forests trees are always green ’ – Give reason.

- Because heavy rain fall , high temperature & humidity

118. Where do the Sandal wood trees find more ?

- In Tropical Deciduous Forest

119. What are the Characterstics of Mangrove forest ?

- Pendant roots

120. Why does Ganges delta called as Sundarbans ?

- Because there are plenty of Sundari trees.

121. When was government formed The National Forest Policy ?

- In 1952

122. When is celebrated as environment day ?

- June 5th of every year.

123. Name the animal is found only in India & Nepal ?

- One horned Rhinoceros

124. Name the national bird & animal of India .

- Pea cock

- Tiger

125. Which is the oldest method of Irrigation used in India ?

- Tank irrigation.

126. Which is the method of irrigation mostly practiced in India?

- Canal irrigation

127. Major Multi Purpose River Valley Projects

Name of the Project

Constructed across the River

Speciality

Damodhara

Damodhara

( Sorrow of Bengal )

First project after Independence

Bhakra – Nangal

( Govindha Sagar Reservoir)

Satluj

Highest Dam in Asia

Kosi

Kosi

( Sorrow of Bihar )

With the collaboration of Nepal

Hirakud

Mahanadhi

( Sorrow of Orissa )

Longest Dam in India

Nagarjun Sagar

Krishna

Largest Dam in India

Thungabhadra

( Pampa sagar Reservoir )

Thungabhadra

Joint venture of Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh

Narmadha

Narmada

Controversial river project

128. Major Hydro electrical power generating projects

Name of the projects

States

Sileru

Andhra Pradesh

Dhuvaran

Gujarath

Shabarigiri Idukki

Kerala

Koyna

Maharastra

Sharavathi , Kali , Chakra , Shivanasamudra

Karnataka

Pykara

Tamilnadu

Mandi Power House

Himachal Pradesh

129. Important points remember.

Black Diamond

Coal

Wonder Metal

Bauxite Ore

Liquid Gold

Petrolium

White Gold

Cotton

Golden Fibre

Jute

Energy of Future

Solar Energy

Gate way of India / Machester / Cottonopolis ( Main cotton textile centre )

Mumbai

Java Of India ( Largest Sugar mills )

Gorakpur of Uttar Pradesh

Rhur of India ( Largest Iron & Steel Industries )

Chotanagapur Plateau

Tea Port / Dreding

Kolkata

Wheat Granery / Co Operative farming

Punjab

Mechanized Farming

Surathghar in Rajasthan

Head Quarter of CFTRI

Mysore

Indian Grain Storage Centre

Hapur in Uttar Pradesh

Raitha Mithra Project

In every Hobli

Soil Testing Centre

In every Taluk level

Entrepot Trade

Singapore

Highest Temperature in India

Ganganagar in Rajasthan

( 520 C )

Very low rainfall in India

Royli in Rajasthan

( 8.3 cm / year )

Heaviest rainfall in India

Mawsynram in Meghalaya

( 1141 cm / year )

130. What is Green Revolution ?

- Quick uptrend changes in Agricultural production. ( In fourth five year plan )

131. What is Crop Insurance ?

- The guarantee of compensation given when crops failed

132. What is AGMARK ?

- It is a seal which is printed on pockets of the agricultural products.

133. What is Informal rationing system ?

- It is a system that people have to obtain ration cards from the government to buy the goods from fair price shops.

134. What is welfare State ?

- Ensuring the welfare of all the citizens by providing social & economic services through the government.

135. Who is the chair man of Indian Planning Commission ?

- The Prime Minister of India ( Man Mohan Singh at present )

136. Who is the deputy chair man of Indian Planning Commission at present ?

- Mantek Singh Ahluwahlia

137. What is Contour Ploughing ?

- Right angle ploughing of land.

138. Which is the natural habitat of lions & Bengal tigers in India ?

- Lion : Gir forest of Saurashtra

- Bengal Tiger : Sundarbans

139. What is Communalism ?

- Intolerance towards the people of other religions.

140. What is Regionalism ?

- Exclusive attachment / loyalty to one’s own region or state .

141. What do you mean by ‘ Cultural Revolution ’ ?

- It is a movement in order to increase the enthusiasm of people of China in 1966

142. What is the main objective of ‘ Yashawini ’ Programme ?

- To provide better health facilities to farmers.

143. What was the reason for breach in the Communist block ?

- There were differences between China & USSR

144. Where is the special research centre for Solar Energy in India ?

- At Gurgaon near Delhi

145. What was the achievement of Border road development authourity ?

- Constructed highest border road from Manali in Himachal Pradesh to Leah in Kashmir.

146. What is Dredging ?

- Removal of sand & mud on the banks of river Hooghle bed in Kolkata port.

147. When did the Indian rupee devalued so far ?

- In 1961 , 1966 & 1991 ( For reduction of imports )

148. Why was EXIM bank started by the government ?

- To guarantee for the organizations which produce goods for export

149. Which is called as ‘ Dandi of Karnataka ’ ?

- Ankola

150. Who gave Zamindari rights over 24 Paraganas to English ?

- Mir Jafar

Match the following

1.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Paramanent Settle

System

1) Charles Wood

a) Corwallis

b) Dept. Of Public

Instruction

2) Dalhousie

b) Charles Wood

c) All Season trunk roads

3) Robert Clive

c) William Bentinck

d) Public Works Dept.

4) William Bentinck

d) Dalhousie

e) Ryotwari System

5) T.B. Macaulay

e) Munro

 

6) Corwallis

 
 

7) Munro

 

2.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Ended the Dual Govt.

1) The charter act 1813

a) Regulating Act 1773

c) Earmark one lakh

rupees for education

2) Minto Morley reforms

1909

b) The charter act 1813

d) Effective Legsliature

Wing

3) Indian Govt. Act 1935

c) The Charter Act 1853

d) Communal electorate

4) Montague Chelmsford

Reforms 1919

d) Minto Morley reforms

1909

e) Dyrarchy at provincial

level

5) The Regulating Act 1773

e) Montague Chelmsford

Reforms 1919

 

6) The Charter Act 1853

 
 

7) Indian Govt. Act 1947

 

3.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Establishment of

Reserve Bank of India

1) The Govt. Of India Act

1858

a) Indian Govt. Act 1935

b) Bicameral Legislature

2) The Regulating Act 1773

b) Montague Chelmsford

Reforms 1919

c) Magna Carta of Queen

Victiria

3) The charter act 1813

c) The Govt. Of India Act

1858

d) Compitative exams for

civil service

4) Indian Govt. Act 1935

d) The Charter Act 1853

e) Establishment of

Supreme Court

5) The Charter Act 1833

e) The Regulating Act 1773

 

6) The Charter Act 1853

 
 

7) Montague Chelmsford

Reforms 1919

 

4.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Brahma Samaj

1) 1875

a) 1828

b) Arya Samaj

2) 1897

b) 1875

c) Prarthana Samaj

3) 1916

c) 1867

d) Sathya sodaka Samaj

4) 1867

d) 1873

e) Ramakrishna Mission

5) 1828

e) 1897

f) Theosophical Society

6) 1836

f) 1879

“”

7) 1873

 
 

8) 1879

 

5.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Brahma Samaj

1) Dayanandha Saraswathi

a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

b) Arya Samaj

2) Madam Blavatsky &

Col. Olcott

b) Dayanandha Saraswathi

c) Prarthana Samaj

3) Jyothiba Phule

c) Athma Rama

Pandu Ranga

d) Sathya sodaka Samaj

4) N.M. Lokhande

d) Jyothiba Phule

e) Ramakrishna Mission

5) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

e) Swamy Vivekananda

f) Theosophical Society

6) Ramakrishna

Paramhamsa

f) Madam Blavatsky &

Col. Olcott

 

7) Athma Rama

Pandu Ranga

 
 

8) Swamy Vivekananda

 

6.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Central Hindu College

1) Thara Bai Shinde

a) Anibasent

b) Stri Purusha Thulana

2) Jyothiba Phule

b) Thara Bai Shinde

c) Universalization of
Education

3) Syed Ahmed khan

c) Jyothiba Phule

d) First Trade Union

4) Anibasent

d) N.M. Lokhande

e) First Law member

5) T.B. Macaulay

e) T.B. Macaulay

 

6) Swamy Vivekananda

 
 

7) N.M. Lokhande

 

7.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Anglo Oriental College

1) Dhondo Keshav Karve

a) Syed Ahmed khan

b) Depressed Classes Mission

2) Dayanandha saraswathi

b) Vittal ramji shindhe

c) SNDT Women University

3) Athma rama panduranga

c) Dhondo Keshav Karve

d) Back to Vedas

4) Raja ram mohan roy

d) Dayanandha saraswathi

e) Father of Renaisance

5) Syed Ahmed khan

e) Raja ram mohan roy

 

6) Jyothiba Phule

 
 

7) Vittal ramji shindhe

 

8.

List ‘ A ’

List ‘ B ’

Answers

a) Home rule movement

1) Swamy Vivekanandha

a) Anibasent

c) Chicago religious

congress

2) Raja Gopalachari

b) Swamy Vivekanandha

c) Widow re marriage

3) Babu Rajendra Prasad

c) Ishwar Chandra

Vidyasagar

d) First Governer of

India

4) B R Ambedkar

d) Raja Gopalachari

e) Constitutional

Assembly

5) Anibasent

e) Babu Rajendra Prasad

 

6) Syed Ahmed khan

 
 

7) Ishwar Chandra

Vidyasagar

 

By:

MANJUNATHA . N . S

THE HEAD MASTER

GOVT. HIGH SCHOOL , NELAVAGILU

HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.

 

GIRISH KUMAR . K . P

LECTURER IN ECONOMICS

GOVT. JUNIOUR COLLEGE , NANDAGUDI

HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.