Three and Four Marks Question and Answers-10th(SSLC) Social Science Passing Package
Three marks Questions and Answers:
1. What were the reasons for decline of Portuguese rule in India?
- The successors of Albuquerque were inefficient.
- The Marathas threw them out of bassein.
- The Mughals forced them to vacate Hughly.
- Neglected trade & involved in politics.
- Their religious policy of conversion is bigots.
- Lack of Economic & human resources
- Portughal merged with spain.
2. What were the impacts of Portuguese rule in India?
- Increased trade link between Europe & India
- Indian Products ( Textiles , Rice , Spices ) gained wider market in Europe.
- The American crops were ( tobacco , groundnuts , onions , chillies , maize , potatoes , cashewnuts ) introduced in India. & Radical change in Indian agriculture
- European architecture was introduced in India.
- First Printing machine was brought to Goa in 1556.
3. What were the causes for failure of French in India ?
- Neglected trade & concentratrated on politics.
- Not secure complete support from france due to political turmoil.
- French navy was not superior compare to English in terms of leadership & equipments.
- Un co operation between French officers.
4. What were the causes for failure of 1857 Revoult ?
- No suitable leader for the uprising.
- Indian Sepoys losing their faith by looting & dacoities the people.
- Indian didn’t possess modern improved weapons.
- The Indian Sepoys knew nothing about telegraph network.
- Native rulers supported the English
- Lack of proper organisation.
- Indian Sepoys didn’t have a definite goal & aim
5. What were the effects of 1857 revoult ?
“ 1857 Revoult was successed even it was failure ” – How ?
- East India Company ended its rule & British government directly took over the administration.
- The Secretary of state for India put in charge of the Indian administration.
- With draw the policy of “ Doctrine of lapse ”
- Queen Victoria made declaration for stable government.
- Queen promised to not interfere in religious matters of Indians.
- British convinced that they could rule the country only if they got the confidence of Indians.
6. What are the provisions given to SC – STs to improve their conditions?
- Reservetions in State assemblies & Lokasabha
- Declared reserved election constituencies for them.
- Reservations in Government & Educational institutions.
- Establishment of special mobile courts to safeguard their rights & preventing Untouchability.
7. What are the steps used in gain excessive profiteering ? What are the steps introduced to avoid this ?
* Methods of gain excessive profiteering
- Charging excess or abnormal rates
- Incorrect weights & measures
- Creating artificial scarcity
* Steps to control it.
- Introduced Public distribution system
- Introduced Essential commadities Act
- Make mandatory that every industrial products have its quantity , date of manufacture &
limitations of its use on its pack.
- Adopting floating of co operative societies , Janata Bazars , Super Bazars & APMCs
- Introduced Consumer Protection act – Under this Consumer courts are established.
- Through the media wide publicity is given to the public for their awareness.
8. What are the principles lay down in the preamble of Indian Constitution regarding to achieve Economic Equality.
- According to the Land Reforms Act , Tiller is the owner of the land.
- Industries are located in different parts of the country to avoid Regional imbalance.
- Small & Cottage industries are encouraged to provide employment opportunity.
- Major commercials & industries concerns are subjected to rules & regulations of the government.
9. Write the structure & functions of General Assembly of UNO.
- Consisting of all member nations.
- Parliement of the UNO
- Five representatives by each member nation but each nation has a single vote.
- General Body meeting commonly held in the month of September.
- Power to discuss all the matters & deliver it’s decisions.
- Prepares annual budget of the UNO & approves it.
- Decides the rate of contribution of each member state.
- Carries out it’s function by Constituting various committees.
10. What are conditions imposed by developed countries while trying to help the backward nations. ?
- Back ward nations are required to purchase the readily available products of the helping countries.
- Back ward nations have to provide the country helping them with their resources like minerals , raw materials.
- Back ward nations keep their doors open for investment of foreign capital from the nation extending help.
11. What are the main aims of Multi Purpose River Valley Projects ?
- Provide water for irrigation.
- Generate hydro electric power
- Control floods
- Prevent soil erosion
- Develope inland fisheries.
- Provide inland navigation.
- Provide water for industries.
- Provide recreational facilities & water for domestic uses.
- Help to afforestation.
12. What is the role of Himalayan mountains in the life of the people of India?
- Stop the monsoon winds & causes rainfall.
- Birth place of many rivers.
- Have plenty of mineral resources.
- Usefull for irrigation & generate hydro electricity.
- Attracts tourists.
- Noted for cultivation of fruits & crops.
- Granary of medical plants & herbs.
- Stop the cold winds that blow from Central Asia
13. What are the reasons for Soil Erosion ? What it’s effects ?
* Reasons :
- Destruction of forests.
- Over grazing.
- Unscientific methods of cultivation
- Over irrigation
* Effects :
- Loss of fertility of the soil
- River beds have accumulated slit deposits.
- Reservoirs’ capacity of storage become less.
- Directly affects to agriculture.
14. What do you mean by ‘ Soil Conservation ’ ? What are the programmes undertaken under Soil Conversation ?
What are the steps taken to control Soil Erosion ?
- Prevention of soil erosion & preservation of its fertility is known as Soil Conversation.
* Programmes undertaken under this .
- Construction of check dams.
- Prevent cutting down of forests. – afforestation
- Developement of pasture lands.
- Following scientific methods of farming.
- Proper use of water.
15. List out the programmes of Twenty Points Programme .
- Distribution of free sites to landless agricultural labours.
- Effective enforcement of Ceiling on Land Holdings.
- Ban of recovery of debt from landless labours.
- Loan at low rate of interest from Nationalized Banks to the landless for alternative jobs.
- Starting industries at rural areas.
- To provide work during the non agricultural seasons.
- Jawahar Rozgar Yojana , Prime minister’s Gram Sadak Yojana , Golden Quadrilateral
- By Karnataka government – Rithamithra Programme at Hobli level
16. What are the problems of Agricultural Labourers ?
- Paid low wages.
- Many are bonded labourers.
- Engaged in agricultural work only for a few months in year.
- Weak & Illiterate.
- Not specialized & skilled in a particular job.
17. How are Small scale & Cottages industries helpful for the economic development of India ?
- Solve the problem of Unemployment by providing employment to rural people.
- Reduce the pressure of population on land by providing alternative jobs.
- Not require huge capital.
- Started with indigenous resources.
- Utilization of hidden talents of rural people.
- Not exposed to the problem of strike, lockouts etc.
- Do not require large power supply.
- Helping de centralization of Industries.
- Provide self employment to many.
- Improve the standard of living.
- Avoid income & regional inequality.
18. What are the problems of Cottage & Small scale industries?
- Inadequate supply of raw materials.
- Lack of suitable machines.
- Irregular supply of electricity.
- Old & out dated techniques followed.
- Lack of adequate finance.
- Poor marketing conditions.
- Competition from large scale industries.
19. What are the services rendered by retail traders to consumers ?
- To get their requirements directly.
- Buy the comodities from whole salers & supply to consumers.
- Store the comodities & supply them when ever they are required.
- Give information to producers about the requirements of consumers.
- Give information about newly arrived goods.
- Inform the consumers about alternatives.
- Provide credit facility to consumers.
20. “ Foreign trade plays an important role in economic development of India .” – How ?
- Import a lot of machinery , raw materials for industrial development.
- Petroleum , Tin , Lead . Zinc etc on such goods which are deficit are imported.
- Export the comodities like Minerals , Iron ore , Mica , Tea , Sugar etc which are plenty.
- Develope economic co operation.
- Provides employment & improve the living standards.
- National Income increases.
- Industrial development through by Exports.
- Develope international peace & friendship.
21. Mention the chief features of India’s Foreign Trade .
- 90 % of trade carried through Sea routes.
- After five year plan , increases in import & export.
- Imports are more than exports.
- Many changes in direction of Foreign trade.
- To increase our exports , many corporations have been set up.
- Devaluation of Indian rupees.
22. What are the causes which are responsible for Unfavourable Balance of Payment ?
- Large import of petroleum & its products.
- Import of heavy machinery to industrialize.
- Import of many metals & ores.
- Import of better quality cotton , raw jute , newsprint paper.
- Import of food grains.
- Payments towards services are more than receipts.
23. What are the steps taken to over come our adverse balance of payments ?
- Import restrictions
- Exchange of goods.
- Encouragement for exports.
- Borrowing loans from International Financial Institutions.
- Devaluation of Indian rupees. – In 1961 , 1966 , 1991
24. What are measures under taken by our government to increase Exports ?
- Remove or Reduce export duties.
- Subsidy for shipping and railway freight charges.
- Some export corporations are set up.
- Credit facilities at loe rate of interest.
- EXIM bank has been started.
- Bilateral trade agreements.
- Many export development boards have been established like STC , MMTC , HTC
Four marks Question and Answers:
1. Who were the Moderates? What were their demands?
* The leaders who belived in bringing above a political change through the constitutional means.
* Main Leaders: M G Ranade , Surendranath Banarji , Dhadhabai Naoroji , Gopala Krishna Gokale , Badrudin Tyabaji
- Securing representation for the Indians in higher administrative posts.
- Conduct the civil service exams at a time in India and England
- Expansion of Legislature by elected
- Impose import duties, development of agriculture & industries.
2. What were the role of Extremists in a freedom movement of India ?
What was the role of Bala gangadhara Thilak in Indian freedom movement ?
* Leaders: Aurobindo Gosh , Bipin cahndrapal , Lala lajapath ray , Balagangadhara thilak
- Believe in the path of struggle.
- Opposition to partition of Bengal
- Aware the people by published articles in a news papers – Thilak started a news papers called Kesari in Marati , Marata in English
- Thilak organised Shivaji jayanthi, Ganesha festival
- Thilak announced that “ Swaraj is my birth right , I shall have it .”
- Encourage the people to participate in the freedom movement.
3. What was the importance of Non Co operation movement in Indian Freedom Movement ?
- De throne of Sulthan of Turky after the first world war
- Started Khilafat movement by Shaukat ali & mahammed Ali
- Gandhiji supported to Khlifat movement
- Campaigned for Hindu Muslim unity
- Many Patriotic Indians returned titles
- Many advocates , students participated in this movement
- National Institutions were started
- INC boycotted the elections held according by 1919 reforms
- Called off the movement by Chauri Chaura tragedy in 1922
4. What was the importance of Quit India Movement in Indian freedom movement ?
- British government sent the cripps mission to negotiate the Indians support for second world war
- Cripps proposed the grant ing of dominion status to India. But Congress rejected.
- On august 08 , 1942 adopted the Quit India resolution at Bombay
- Gandhiji called upon the Indians to ‘ Do or Die ’
- Gandhiji , Nehru , Vallababhai Patel ,Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad & others leaders were arrested.
- Congress Organisation was banned & offices were sealed.
- Seventy police stations were attacked , post , revenue offices were destroyed
- Railway lines were removed , Bridges were destroyed. Telegraph wires were cut.
- The Jails were filled with freedom fighters.
5. Who was founded the INA ? What was their role in Indian freedom movement ?
What were the achievements of INA ?
What was the role of Subhash Chandra Bose in freedom movement ?
- Difference opinion with Gandhiji regarding the methods of attaining freedom.
- Participated in Non Co operation movement
- Only Non violence & negotiations will not secure freedom.
- During the second world war , British government arrested Subhash , he escaped to Afghanisthan & reached Germany , Sought the help of Hitler & Mussalini
- With the help of Ras Bihari Bose , formed the INA with the help of many Indians who settled in South east asian countries.
- Captain Lakshmi Sehagal was the leader of Womens’ wing of the INA
- INA hoisted the tricolour flag in Andaman Nikobhar islands in 1943.
- In 1944 occupied Kohima , Impal . Capturing 10000 Sq miles of Manipur territory.
- In 1945 Japan lost with drew from Bharma.
- He died in an air crash in August 1945.
6. List out programmes of Universalisation of Primary Education.
Mention the steps taken to eradicate Illiteracy .
- Provide buildings , drinking water facilities , toilets to rural primary schools.
- Enrole the all the children who are above six years.
- Attractive programmes to avoid the drop out children.
- Importance given to pre primary education
- Much stress on girls education.
- Attractive methods of instruction & learning . Research is under taken for new teaching techniques.
- Alternative system of education for not attending school children
- Laudable measures of Central & State government – Vidya Vikasa , Akshara Dasoha , Ksheera Yojana
7. List out the achievements of U.N.O
UNO has successfully prevented large scale wars in many situations – Substantiate.
What is role of UNO after the Second World War in propagating World Peace.
UNO prevented ,
- War between Iran & Sovieth Union in1946.
- In 1947 , to solve the problem in Indinasia & Prevented chances of civil war in Greece.
- Arab invasion on Israel in 1948.
- In 1956 , solved the Suez canal crisies.
- Vietnam crisies came to an end.
- The Cango problem was solved in 1960
- In 1948 , In the case of Kashmir a cease fire was ordered.
- Namibia & Angola got independence in 1989
- In 1991 , Freed Kuwait from Iraq.
8. What are the structure & functions of Security Council.
- 15 members of which 05 are paramanent , remaining 10 are temporary.
- France , Russia , America , Chiana , England ( FRACE ) are the 05 paramanent member countries. These countries have a right to VETO.
- 10 temporary members nations are elected by General Assembly for term of two years.
- Each country has right to one vote.
- The power to admit or reject the membership of new member to a General assembly.
- To suggest the name Secretary Genaral of the UNO
- Elected the Judges of International Court of Justice.
- Peramanent member nations have VETO right.
9. Name the factors which affected on the good relations between India – Pakisthan.
- Problem of Kashmir
- Land border issue
- Military agreements of Pakisthan
- Water disputes
- Problem of Minorities.
- Trade problems
- China – Pakisthan Coalition
10. What are the steps taken by the government for the welfare of Women ?
- Equal opportunities provided for both men & women by the constitution as per articles 14 & 15
- Stress on Girls education
- Opened Adult Education centres for women
- Constituted the Women & Children Commission
- Polygamy is discouraged
- Child marriage is abolished.
- Widow re marriage is encouraged.
- Leagal ban on Dowry
- Give equal share in property.
- Given Equal opportunities in all walks of life
11. What are the programmes taken by the government for the welfare of Women ?
- Swayam Siddha – Certained changes of Indira Women Welfare Programme
- Streeshakthi programme in 1998
- Balika Samruddhi Yojana
- Protection from sexual harassment
- Rashtreeya Mahila Vimochana Scheme
- Year 2001 declared as Year of Women Empowerment
- 33% seats reserved for women in Karnataka local bodies system.
12. What is the importance of agriculture in Indian Economy ?
“ Agriculture is the back bone of Indian Economy .” – Justify .
- Main occupation of Indian people.
- Main source of Indian national income.
- Provides main food items & fodder.
- Provides raw materials to industries.
- Improve internal trade.
- Source of forgien exchange.
- Requires less capital.
- Helps in the development of tertiary sector.
- Important role in accumulation of National capital.
- Better distribution of income and wealth.
13. What are the reasons for backwardness of Indian Agriculture.
- Vagaries of the Monsoons.
- Sub division and fragmentation of land holdings.
- Soil erosion
- Old & primitive methods of Cultivations
- Illitaration & Conservative attitude of formers
- Land owenership problems
- Problems of Agricultural Labourers
- Defective agricultural marketing.
- Rural indebtedness.
14. What are the measures to take for the development of Indian Agriculture.
- Developement of irrigation system.
- Consolidation of land holdings.
- Soil conservations.
- Modernization of Agriculture.
- Application of Scientific farming
- Land reform measures.
- Welfare measures of agricultural labourers.
- Reforms of agricultural markets.
- Protection of agricultural produces.
- Establishing corporations & boards.
15. Write the structure & functions of Regulating Markets.
- Set up in major cities & towns
- Commitee is formed to look after the affairs of the markets.
- Committee consists of represententives of farmers , traders , local bodies & government
- To ensure correct weight & measures
- To fix market charges
- To issue licences to traders & Cancel if they are engaged in unfair practices.
- To provide ware house facilities.
- To provide daily marketing informations.
- To decide the prices openly through Auction.
· Draw an out line map of India & Mark the following places.
· Major Mountains
2. Aravali range
4. Eastern Ghats
5. Western Ghats
6. Vidhya Range
7. Sathpura Ranges
8. Pamir Knot
9. Coramandal Coast
10. Konkan Coast
11. Malabar Coast
· Major Rivers
· Major International Airports
2. New Delhi
4. Goa ( Dabolim )
· Major Harbours
3. Navasheva ( Jawahara Lal Nehru port )
4. Marma Goa
· Major latitude & Longitude
1. 23 1/2 Northern latitude
( Tropical cancer latitude )
2. 82 1/2 Eastern Longitude
( IST )
· Other important places
1. Gulf of Mannar
2. Pak Strait
MANJUNATHA . N . S
THE HEAD MASTER
GOVT. HIGH SCHOOL , NELAVAGILU
HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.
GIRISH KUMAR . K . P
LECTURER IN ECONOMICS
GOVT. JUNIOUR COLLEGE , NANDAGUDI
HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.