Two Marks Question and Answers-10th(SSLC) Social Science Passing Package

Two Marks Question and Answers-10th(SSLC) Social Science Passing Package 

1. Europeans in India

.Details

.Portuguese

.Dutch

.English

.French

.Year of Establishment

In 1498 New voyage to India

In 1602 , Netherland.

In 1605 , Machalipatnam

In 1600

In 1664

.Famous Rulers

Vasco da gama

( Founder of New Sea route to India )

Francisco Almeida ( First Viceroy )

Alfonso de Albuquerque

( Strengthen the foundation )

*

Sir Thomas roe

( Appointed as ambassador at Mughal court )

Dupleix

.Trade Centres

Diu , Daman , Salsette , Bessein , Hughuly , Goa , Santhome

Machalipatnam , Pulicatt , Cochinn , Busruru, Surath

Ahamedabadh , Broach , Agra , Kasimbazar , Callcutta , Dhaka , Mumbai

Pandicherry , Chandranagur , Mahe , Karaikal

2. “ Occupied of Constantinople by Turks in 1453 was an important event ” – How

- Closed the land route between the East & West

- Explore new sea route .

- Expansion in the knowledge of geography & navigation among Europians.

- Use of Compass , astrolabe , accurate geographical maps.

3. What does dual government mean? Who introduced it?

- It was a system the company collected the revenue & the nawab looked after over all administration and justice of Bengal region.

- It was introduced by Robert Clive

4. Why is Ranajith described as “ The Loin of Panjab ” ?

- Famous ruler of the Sikhs.

- Become the chief of The Sukar Chakia.

- He helped Zaman Shah in invasion of Kabul.

- Secured Amrithsar & Ludhiana

- Signed the treaty of Amrithsar with British.

5. What were the main features of Charles Wood’s Dispatch ?

- Department of Public Instruction was created.

- Stressed on Vernacular & Female education.

- Proposed for establishment of universities at Bombay , Madras & Callcutta.

6. What was the impact of English education on Indians ?

- Created a large number of like minded Indians.

- Served as a link language for the whole country.

- Similar forms of literature grew in Indian regional langauages.

- Cultural renaissance

7. What was the importance of News papers during Indian Freedom Movement ?

- Create awareness through the articles.

- Foster a sense of nationality among the Indians.

- Exposing the administrative methods of English.

8. Which were the News papers used to create awareness & nationality among Indians.

- The Bengal Gazette ( First news paper started from Calcutta in 1780 )

- Mangalura Samachara ( First news paper in Kannada started by Moegling missionary in 1843 )

- Bombay Samachar ( The oldest & still existing news paper started in Gujarathi language in 1822 )

- Marata & Kesari ( By Tilak )

- The Hindu

- Amruth Bazzar

- Bombay Chronicle

9. Famous British Officers & their achievements.

British Officers

achievements.

1. Dalhoussie

1) Introduction of Doctrine of Lapsey

2) Founded public works department

3) Laid first railway line between Bombay to Thane in 1853

4) Established system of post office

5) Laid telegraph lines

6) Bridges were constructed across the river

2. William Bentick

1) Planned to have all season trunk roads.

2) Introduced English education in 1835

3) Banned the practice of Sati in 1829

10. Who were Revolutionaries ? Name them .

- One who Operating secreatly , resorted to violent methods , attacked government offices & destroyed records , formed small groups , used weapons like bombs , pistols.

- Leaders : Bhagath Singh , Kudiram bose , Ram Prasad Bismil , V D savarkar , Chandra Shekar Azad

11. Describe Shivapur sathyagraha .

- Unfurl tricolour flag in 1938 for the Reasponsible Government.

- T. Siddhalingaiah presided.

12. Describe Quit India Movement at Isur.

- Peacefully organised the processions.

- Checked the entry of the government officers into the village.

- Village was declared free.

- Two officers were killed.

- Five were hanged.

13. Why did Sardar Patel decide to launch police action in Hyderbadh ?

- The talk between the government of India and Nizam was failed.

- The Nizam imported the weapons to fight against India.

14. How was the problem of refugees solved ?

- Shelter was provided in Dandakarnya project in Orissa.

- Provided loan facilities .

- Provided medical & educational facilities.

- Secure proper technical training

- Granted land to take up agriculture.

15. What were the steps taken by F D Roosevelt to check economic depression ?

- Introduced the economic reforms called The New Deal in 1933.

- Reduced the number of working hours & increased the pay.

- Compensation was paid to the farmers & Unemployed.

16. Why did The League fail ?

Or

Why did League failed to bring satisfactory Diaarmament ?

- USA did not join the league.

- All the nations of the world did not join.

- League could not impose its terms on all countries

- It had no military force.

17. What was the reason for The Second Gulf War ? What was it’s result ?

- Iraq attacked Kuwait in 1990 due to the border issue.

- The USA intervained on behalf of The UNO & Iraq was forced to with draw from Kuwait in 1991.

18. “ Communalism is the enemy of Society. ” – How ?

- Intolerance towards the people of other religions.

- Oppose to the principle of Seccularism.

19. List out the rights of the Child.

- Right to life

- Right to education

- Right to health

- Right to play

- Right to leisure

- Right to Obtained nutritious food.

- Right to get good standard of life.

20. What is the significance of COFEPOSA.

- Conservation of Foreign Exchange & Prevention of Smuggling activity.

- To prevent smuggling & Conservation of forgien currency.

21. Why has India not given it’s consent to the nuclear non proliferation treaty ?

- India up holds the principle of atoms for peace.

- Their are no restrictions on the use of Nuclear weapons.

22. Why is the North Indian Plain called “ The Heart of the India ” ?

- It has made very fertile alluvial soil.

- The land is almost flat.

- Easy to construct irrigation canals , roads , railways

- Exelent environment for establishment of Industries.

- 40 % of total population lives here.

23. “The Peninsular Plateau has economic importance” – How ?

- It has rich mineral resources.

- Help in generation of hydro electric power due to many water falls.

- Suitable for cultivation of cotton.

- The home of many wild animals due to dence forest.

24. What is Social Foresting ?

- To meet the requirements of ecological balance through large scale afforestation on community land & waste land by planting fast growing varities of trees.

25. What are the problems with regard to tank irrigation ?

- Tank mostly depend on rain water & become dry during summer.

- Silt accumulates in tanks.

26. Name the nuclear plants of India .

- Tarapura in Maharastra ( First nuclear plant in India )

- Ranapratapsagar in Rajasthan

- Kalpakam in Tamilnadu

- Narora in Uttar Pradesh

- Surath ( Kakrapur ) in Gujarath

- Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh

- Kaiga in Karnataka

27. Why was an opposition to set up nuclear plant at Kaiga in Karnataka ?

- Fear of radio active gases which causes damage to human health.

- Destruction of Ever green forest.

28. List out the favourable conditions for the development of Industries in India .

- Availability of plenty of natural resources.

- Large human resources.

- Easiliy available of raw materials by the agriculture.

- Agriculture is the chief market for industrial products.

29. Why are Jute factories concentrated in West Bengal ?

And

Why are paper factories concentrated in West Bengal ?

- Availablity of raw materials.

- Cheap water transport.

- Good transport & communication facility.

- Availability of power resources.

- Availability of human resources.

- Favourable Climate

30. Name the raw materials required for paper industries ?

- Soft wood , Bamboo , Sabai grass , Straw , Soft water

- Chemicals : Caustic Soda , Soda ash , Sodium Sulphate , Clorin , Sulphuric acid

31. “ Consumption of cement is the index of a country’s progress ” – How ?

- It is a essential commodity for construction of work after Iron & steel.

- Construction of building , roads , river valley projects , bridges etc

32. Why is inland water transport losing it’s importance now a days ?

- Construction of railways & roads parallel to inland water ways.

- Construction of dams across the river.

33. Why is air transport not popular in India ?

Or

What are the disadvantages for good air transport in India ?

- It is very expensive compared to other means.

- It is difficult to transport bulky & heavy goods .

- The pressure from other means is great.

34. What are uses of air transport ?

Or

Why does air transport more popular in India ?

- Quick movement of passemgers & postal mail services.

- Defence purposes.

- Helpful to face the emergencies like war , drought , flood , natural calamities.

35. What are the services rendered by the post offices ?

- Transfer of money

- Parcel services with insured.

- Encourage saving & thrift by Savings bank & National savings certificate.

- Aceept payments to be made to the government.

36. Name the modern communication media devices ?

- Internet , E mail , Fax , Radio , Television

37. “ Indian agricultural is gamble with monsoons ” – Give reasons.

- Indian agriculture depends upon monsoons. Monsoons are uncertain , unseasonal & unevenly distributed.

- Heavy monsoons causes loss of production . As well No monsoons causes drought

- Crops cannot be cultivated successfully throughout the year.

38. What do you mean by Package Programme ? List out the facilities provided under this ?

- It is a programme to provide maximum facilities to upgrade in the production of agriculture.

* Facilities provided :

- Irrigation

- Hybrid seeds

- Soil conservation

- Use of right type of fertilizer

- Use of pesticides.

39. What do you mean by ‘ Scientific Farming ’ ? What it includes ?

- Appilication of science & technology in agriculture is called ‘ Scientific Farming ’.

* Factors Included :

- Soil conservation

- Irrigation

- Use of chemical fertilizer

- Use of pestisides

- Use of high yielding variety of seeds

- Machanization of agriculture

- Adoption sprinkler & drip irrigation

40. What are the problems which our farmers experience in marketing their produce ? Mention the reforms of agricultural marketing system ?

* Problems :

- High trade commission

- Cheating in weight & measures

- Not settling the amount immediately after the sale is over

-Lack of marketing information

* Reforms :

- Establishments of regulated markets

- Setting up of co operative marketing societies

- Grading and standardization of agricultural produce

- Expansion of warehousing facilities.

- Use of cold storage facilities.

41. Name the institutions whichn are established for providing financial assistance to Cottage & Small scale Industries.

Or

What are the steps taken to provide financial help to Small scale & Cottage industries?

- State Finance corporation

- National Small Industries Corporation

- State Bank of India & other nationalized banks.

- Industrial Developement bank of India

- Encouraged to organise industrial co operative socities.

42. ‘ Third five year couldn’t not achieve any of it’s objectives ’ – Give reasons.

- Attack of China in 1962 & Pakisthan in 1965

- Failure of monsoons.

- Slackness of people towards agricultural growth.

43. What do you mean by Economic Planning ? State it’s aims ?

- Economic planning is a consciously & judiciously carried out process for efficient utalization of resources in order to fulfil some well defined aims laid down by the central authourity.

* Aims :

- Provide full employment

- To rise the standard of living by increasing national income & per capita income

- Establish large scale & small scale industries

- Developement of agriculture to provide food for all.

- Formation of capital

- To remove unequal distribution of wealth & economic inequality among the people

- Protect the economic stability if the country

44. Name the Iron & Steel industries started during Second Five Year Plan.

- Rourkela in Orissa

- Bhilai in present Chhattisgargh

- Durgapur in West Bengal

45. Name the Chemical fertilizer industries started during Second Five Year Plan.

- Nangal in Panjab

- Neyveli in Tamilnadu

- Rourkela in Orissa

Importent Agencies , Their Establishment , Leaders and Objectives

Sl. No

Name of Agency

Year of Establishment

Head Quartras

Member Countries

Objectives / Functions

1

Food and Agricultural Organisation

( FAO)

1945

. Rome in Italy

-

1) Fight against poverty , malnutrition & hunger

2) To encourage food production

3) Encourage consumption of nutricious food

4) Protection of Natural resources.

5) Providing agricultural facilities

6) Improve the living condition of rural people.

2

World Health Organisation

( WHO)

1948

-

-

1) Improving physical and mental health of all people

2) Fight against epidemic dieases

* Achievements :

1) Elimination of Small pox from the world

2) Protection of environment & maintenance of ecological balance

3

UNESCO

04/11/1946

Paris

-

1) Establishment of peace

2) Promotion of Human rights

3) Control of Population

4) Promotion of Education

5) Promotion of Science and Technology

4

UNICEF

1946

Newyork

-

1) Improve the conditions of Children and Mothers

5

Common Wealth

1931

. Leadership of Britan

Canada , Australia , India , Ghana Malaysia

1) To secure financial loan & sharing of technology

2) Promote & Sharing of information & technology

6

European Community

1957

Europe

27 Countries of Europe

1) Lifting of Tariff barriers

2) To create common political system and parliament

Achievements :

1) Introduction of Euro currency in Europe

2) Promotion of free trade among European nations

7

The ASEAN

1967

Meeting at Bangkok

.Indonesia , Thailand , Malaysia , Singapore

1) Establishment of peace in South East Asian nations

2) Promoting socio economic co operation

3) .To improve education , technology, science by imparting training in the field of research.

8

Organisation of African Unity

1963

-

. 32 African Countries

1) .Fostering unity & solidarity among the African countries.

2) .Elimination of Colonialism

3) Universal protection of member nations

9

SAARC

1985

Katmandu in Nepal

. Indis , Srilanka , BangladeshPakisthan, Maldives , Bhuthan , Nepal

1) Identify the problems in member nations & find solutions

2) .Co operation in the fields of Agriculture , health , rural development , Science , Technology & trans

Progrmmmes :

- SAPTA

- SAD

- SAVE

10

. Food Corporation of India

1965

-

-

1) .Purcahse of agricultural products at proper price

2) . Transport of products to Warehouses.

3) . Scientific storage of products.

4) .Selling products through price shops

11

.Indian Planning Commission

1950

-

-

1) . Estimate the physical & natural resources

2) . Planning for utalization of natural resources.

3) . Finding obstacles while planning & clarify the doubts while implementing.

4) . Supervision of economic progress.

12

.Non Aligned Movement

-

-

.Leaders :

1) Nehru of India

2) Sukarno of Indonesia

3) Nasser of Egypt

4) Tito of Yugoslavia

1) . Defuse the cold war trends in the world.

2) Not support to any blocs( Communist & Capitalist ) of world

13

.UNO

24/10/1945

NEWYORK

. 192 Member Nations

Leaders -

Roosevelt

( America )

Stalin

( Russia )

Churchil

( England )

1) . Maintain International peace & security

2) . Encourage Human & Fundamental Rights

3) . Co operation in solving the problems of member nations

4) .Devolope friendly relations among member nations on basis of equality

14

. Panchasheela

1954

-

. Nehru of India & Chou en Lai of China

1) . Mutual respect of each others territory

2) . Mutual Non aggression

3) . Non interference in each others internal affairs.

4) .Work for mutual benefit in belief of equality

5) Peaceful co exitence

17

. Winners of Second World War

-

-

.Truman of America , Churchill of England , Stalin of Russia ,

De Gaulle of France

-

18

. Third World

-

. Nations of Asia , Africa & Latin America

. Named by Frantz Fanon

. Contribution : New International Economic Order

· Major crops and needed geographical features

Crop

Type of the Crop

Temperature

Rainfall

Type of the Soil

Growing Places

.Paddy

Kharif

250 c

100 cm to 200 cm

.Fertile alluvial & clayey soil

.Standing water till the crop is ready

. West Bengal , Bihar , Andhra Pradesh , Karnataka , Tamilnadu

.Wheat

.Rabi

100 c. to 150c

50 cm to 70 cm

. Black cotton soil & clayey soil

. Panjab

( Known as Wheat granary of India ) , Rajasthan , Gujarath , Maharastra

. Tea

Beverage Crops

150 c to 300c

200 cm to 250 cm

. Well drained fertile soil , rich in organic matter

.Shade of trees is not required

Assam , West Bengal ( Darjeeling – best quality & world famous ) Kerala , Tamilnadu , Karnataka

. Coffee

Beverage Crops

150 c to 300c

150 cm to 200 cm

. Well drained fertile soil , rich in organic matter

.Shade of trees is required

Kerala , Tamilnadu , Karnataka – Largest producer in the India

.Cotton

. Kharif & Rabi - Fibre crops

200 c to 250c

75 cm to 100 cm

. Well drained alluvial , red & black soil

.Rajasthan , Karnataka , Haryana , Maharastra , Gujarath , Uttar Pradesh

.Jute

. Kharif & Rabi - Fibre crops

250 c to 350c

150 cm

.Light Sandy deltaic soil

West Bengal

( Largest producer ) , Assam , Uttar Pradesh , Bihar , Orrisa

Differences

SL No

CONCEPTS

1

.Eastern Ghats

. Western Ghats

 

. Not Higher and Continuous

. Higher and Continuous

 

. Closer to Sea

. Far from Sea

 

2

. Eastern Coastal Plain

. Western Coastal Plain

 

. Lies between Eastern Ghats and Bay of Bengal

. Lies between Western Ghats & Arabian Sea

 

. Not straight & Continuous

. Straight & Continuous

 

. More natural harbours

. Less natural harbours

 

. Broad and flat

. Affected by South West Monsoons

 

3

.North Indian Rivers

. South Indian Rivers

 

. Flows throughout the year.

. Partly dry during summer.

 

. Rises in Himalayan Mountains

. Rises in Western Ghats

 

. Helpful to inland waterways.

. Not helpful to inland water ways.

 

. Snow & rain fed rivers

. Only rain fed rivers

 

. Help to generate hydro electricity

. Not Help to generate hydro

electricity

 

4

. Sedentary Farming

. Shifting Cultivation

 

It is settled agricultural practices

It practices by cutting & burnt trees in forest

 

Followed traditional methods of agriculture

People shifted due to loss of the fertility of cultivated land

 

Mainly produced for domestic consumption & surplus is exchanged for other requirements

Low yield due to soil erosion

 

5

Balance of Trade

. Balance of Payment

 

.Difference between the values of visible exports & imports of a country during a year

Difference between the values of visible & invisible exports & imports of a country during a year

 

.Equlibrim Balance of Trade Visible Export values = Visible import values

.Equlibrim Balance of Payment

Visible + Invisible Export values = Visible + Invisible import values

 

. Favourable Balance of Trade

Visible Export values > Visible import values

. Favourable Balance of Payment

Visible + Invisible Export values > Visible + Invisible import values

 

. Unfavourable Balance of Trade

Visible Export values < Visible import values

. Unfavourable Balance of Balance of Payment

Visible + Invisible Export values < Visible + Invisible import values

5

Black / Regur Soil

Red Soil

Laterite Soil

Formed by disintegration of volcanic rocks

Formed by disintegration of Crystalline rocks

Formed where the rainfall & temparature are heavy

Its is able to retain moisture by containing clay particles

Defficient in organic matter , phosphorus & lime

Lacks of nitrogen & salt

It has plenty of Iron , lime & Magnesium carbonates

It contains Iron & Iron axid.

-

It ‘s found in low rainfall regions.

It ‘s found in low rainfall regions.

It ‘s found in heavy rainfall regions.

Suitable for Cotton , Wheat , Jowar

Suitable for Rice , Sugarcane , Tobacco

Suitable for beverage & plantation crops

Found in the states of Maharastra , Gujarath , Madyapradesh , Western Andhra Pradesh

Found from Kanyakumari in the south upto Western Kachchh , Gujarath , Rajamahal hills in Jharkand

Found in Western Ghats , Vindyas , Sathpuras , Rajamahal Hills & Purvachal Mountains regions

Achievements of Mysore Wodeyars and Diwans

Sl No.

Name of Wodeyars / Diwans

Achievements

1.

Raja Wodeyar

1) Made the town Srirangapatna as his new capital

2) Started celebrating the Dasara festivalÀ

2.

Kantirava Narasaraja Wodeyar

1) . Expert in fencing

2) . Constructed Bangaradoddi canal.

3) . Isued the gold coin called Kantiraya Pana

4) . Patronised many kannada poets – Govindha Vaidhya , Bhaskara

3.

Dodda Devaraja Wodeyar

1) . Layinf steps to Chamundi Hills

2) . Carved Monolithic Nandhi on Chamundi Hills

4.

. Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar

1) . Conquered of Tumkur . Hoskote & Salem

2) . Conquered against Keladi , Golconda and Triple alliance

3) . Secured Bangalore on lease from Mughals

4) . Establishment of Athara Kacheri

5) . Started the postal department called Anche

6) . Construction of canals called Doddadevaraja & Chikkadevaraja

7) . Construction of temples - Kote Venkataramana temple in Bangalore , Swethavaraha temple in Mysore , Paravasudeva temple in Gundlupet

8) Patronised many poets – Sanchi Honnamma , Chikkupadhyaya , Singararya

9) .Ordered to his queens not to perform Sati

10) . Titles – Navakoti narayana , Karnataka Chakravarthi

5.

Rangacharlu

1) . Establishment of Mysore Representative Assembly in 1881

2) . Inaugurated the Bangalore Mysore railway in 1882

6.

Sheshadhri Iyer

1) . Started the competitive examinations for recruiting governments servants

2) . Started hydro electric power production in Shivanasamudra in 1902

7.

Sir M Vishveswarayya

1) . Establishment of Mysore Bank

2) . Strated Mysore University in 1916

3) . Started Industries _ Soap , Sandal oil . Iron

4) . Started the colleges – Engineering college in Bangalore , Agriculture college at Hebbal , Chamarajendra Technological College in Mysore

5) . Construction of Krishna raja sagara dam – development of irrigation

8.

Sir Mirza M Ismail

1) Started Industries – Cement and paper factory in Bhadravathi & Sugar factory in Mandya

2) Complited the Kannambadi dam

9.

Krishna Raja Wodeyar IV

1) . Maker of Modern Mysore

2) . Had great Dewans like Sir M Vishveswarayya , Sir Mirza M Ismail ( State their achievements )

3) Construction of Mari Kanive dam

4) . Started gold mining in Kolar

5) . Supply of Power to Bangalore city

6) . Establishment of Indian Institute of Science

7) . Abloished the fees at government primary schools

8) . Encouragement to Literature , fine arts music

Important Wars , Their Causes and Effects

Sl no

Name of the War

Period

Place

In Between

Causes

Effects

1.

First Carnatic war

1746 - 48

Carnatic

British v/s French ( Dupleix )

1) The Austrian Succession war

2) . Destroy of French ships in Indian Ocean

1) Treaty of Paris

2.

Second Carnatic war

1749 - 54

Carnatic

British ( Robert Clive ) v/s French ( Dupleix )

1) Contravercy in throne of Tanjavur.

2) Political Instability in Hydrabadh

1) Death of Chanda Saheb

2) Most of the Indian places came under British and French

3) Empower of British and French in India

3.

Third Carnatic war

1758 - 63

Carnatic

British ( Robert Clive ) v/s French ( Count de Lally )

1) Seven years war in Europe

2) French occupied the Saint David Fort

1) Decline of French rule

4.

Wandiwash War

1760

Wandiwash

Sir Eyre Coote of Britsh v/s Bussy of French

-

1) French surrendered to British

5.

Battle of Plassey

1757

Plassey

Siraj – ud – Daula of Bengal & Robert Clive of British.

1) British misused the Dastaks

2) British gave shelter to enemys of Siraj ud daula

3) Aquisition of Calcutta Fort

1) Siraj ud Daula was defeated and killed

2) Appointed Mir Jafar as Nawab of Bengal

3) Rights over 24 paraganas in Bengal by British.

6.

Battle of Buxar

1764

Buxar

Victor Munro of British & Tripplle alliance of Nawab of Avadh Shuja ud daula , mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Mir Kasim

1) British misused the Dastaks

2) British dethrone Mir Kasim

1) Defeat of Tripplle alliance of Nawab of Avadh Shuja ud daula , mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Mir Kasim

2) Treaty of Alahabadh

3) Introduced Dual Government in Bengal

7.

First Anglo Mysore War

1767 -69

-

Hydarali v/s British.

-

1) Treaty of Madras

2) Returned the territories they had captured

3)Mutual Assitance

8.

Second Anglo Mysore War

1780 - 84

-

Hydarali , Tippu v/s British.

-

1)Treaty of Mangalore

- Mutual Assitance

- Tippu retain the Mangalore & Malabar

9

Third Anglo Mysore War

1790 - 92

-

Tippu v/s British. (Cornwallis)

-

1)Treaty of Srirangapatna

- Surredered half of his territory

- Pay War indeminity to British

- Surredered his two children as hostages until he paid war indeminity

10.

Fourth Anglo Mysore War

1799

-

Tippu v/s British.

1) Fortified his capital

2) French helped him in training his army

3) Continued his negotiations with the French , The Amir of Afgh anistan & Sulthan of Turkey

1) Death of Tippusulthan

2) Accepted Subsidiary alliance policy

3) Mysore Territory returned to Krishnadevaraja wodeyar III

11.

First Anglo Maratha War

1775 - 82

-

British ( Warren Hestings ) v/s Marathas ( NanaPhadnavis )

1) Political instability in Marathas

2) Treaty of Surath

3) Treaty of Purandhara in 1776

1) Treaty of Salbai in 1782

2) Appointed Bajirao II as last peshwa of Maratas

12.

Second Anglo Maratha War

1800-02

-

British ( Wellesly ) v/s Marathas ( Bajiraya II , Sindhia , Holkar )

-

1) Treaty of Bessein

13.

Third Anglo Maratha War

1817-18

-

British v/s Marathas

-

1) Ended the Marathas rule.

2) Assigned an annual pension of eight lakhs to Bajirao IIÀ

14.

First Anglo Sikh War

1845-46

-

British v/s Sikhs

1) Dispute for succession among Ranajith Singh’s son

2) Queen mother Jindan became regent and Lal Singh became Prime Minister

1) Treaty of Lahore

2)Kashmir was handed over to Gulab Singh for 75 lakhs

15.

Second Anglo Sikh War

1848-49

-

British

( General Nepear ) v/s

Sikkhs

( Dulip Singh )

-

1) Ended of Sikh rule

2) Pension was sanctioned to Dulip Singh

3)British got Kohinur diamond

4) Whole India came under British rule

16.

First World War

1914 - 1918

-

Triple Alliance

( Axis power – Germany Austria Hungere , Italy , Japan )

v/s

Trilpe Entente

( Allied powers – England , France , Russia , America )

1) Aggresive nationalism

2) System of Rival alliance

3) Armanent race

4) Immediate cause – Murder of Austraian Crown Prince

1) Treaty of Versailles

2) Establishment of League of Nations.

17.

Second World War

1939 - 1945

-

Triple Alliance

( Axis power – Germany Austria Hungere , Italy , Japan )

v/s

Trilpe Entente

( Allied powers – England , France , Russia , America )

1) Treaty of Versailles

2) Emeging of dictators in Europe

( Germany & Italy )

3) Failure of League of Nations

4) Partition of Poland

5) Immediate cause – Germany attacked & occupied Poland.

1) Establishment of UNO

2) Died 5 crore people

3) Destroied cities , town & Industries

4) Marshal Plan was implemented by Truman

5) End of Imperalism.

2(2)1857 revoult_001

BY:

MANJUNATHA . N . S

THE HEAD MASTER

GOVT. HIGH SCHOOL , NELAVAGILU

HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.

 

GIRISH KUMAR . K . P

LECTURER IN ECONOMICS

GOVT. JUNIOUR COLLEGE , NANDAGUDI

HOSKOTE Tq. BANGALORE RURAL Disit.