EFFECTS OF BRITISH RULE IN INDIA-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

Chapter-07 History
2.     To introduce the uniform system of administration by the British in India, the following statement is not helpful.
a)       British followed the divide and Rule policy
b)      Dalhousie introduced the Doctrine of lapse
c)       Lord wellesly introduced subsidiary alliance
d)      The British introduced various land revenue systems.
1. Developments in Transport and communication led to the independence struggle discuss.
*      Indirectly, the facility helped to organize the people to enable them to exchange their views and problems
*      This helped in the national integrity by bringing the people together.

1. What are the reform brought about by the british in the field of education.
Answer in 5-6 sentence.
* Lord william bentinck laid the foundation for English education as recommended by lord mecaulay's report.
* The east india company started the teaching of western liferature humanities and science in the hindu college of bengal.
* Universities came up in Calcutta, madras and mumbai
An Engineering college started in Roorkie. Public education department was established Priority was given to primary education.
1. How did the uniform system administration of the British help in developing patriotism among the Indians?
      It created the feeling of oneness and nationalism among the Indians.
      India witnessed equality and single type of administrative system.
      It brought uniformity among the people of different religion.
2.    What are the changes that took place in India due to Industrial Revolution?
      The industrial revolution of England in the 18thcen. had serious effect on industries in India.
      Indians were forced to export only raw materials and importer of finished goods from England.
      Indian products could not compete with the machine made goods.
      Indian industries became sick and employees lost their job.
3.    What are the reforms brought by the British in the educational field?
      Lord Bentick laid foundation for English education as recommended by Lord Macaulay.
      Public Education Department was established to give primary education, on the recommendation of Charles Wood.
      Universities were established in Calcutta, Madras and Mumbai.
      The East India Company started the teaching of western literature, humanities and science in the Hindu college of Bengal.
4.    What are the features of Rytowari system?
      It implemented in Madras, Mumbai, Sindh, Bihar and Assam.
      The farmers acquired rights of ownership of the land.
      The farmers had to pay tax based on the area of the land.
      If the farmers failed pay the tax, they lost the rights over the land.
      Disputes related to the land were to be settled in courts instead of the village Panchayath.

      It introduced by Alexander Reid and continued by Thomas Munroe.
5.     Developments of transport and communication led to the independence struggle. Discuss.
      This helped to organize the people.
      It enabled them to exchange their views and problems.
      This helped in the national integrity by bringing the people together.
6.     What are the roles of news paper in the freedom struggle?/ Effects of the English education in India?
      It helped indirectly to the freedom struggle.
      It developed the quality of leadership among the common people.
      It helped to share the plan, feelings from one part to another.
      It spread the idea of democracy.
7.     What is Mahalwari system?
      Mahal means Taluk.
      Mahaldars were appointed to collect the taxes.
      They should collect the land tax on the basis of land area.
      They should pay it to the government.
8.     What is Zamindari system?
      The farmers lost the ownership of the land.
      The tax was fixed on the basis of area of land.
      Zamindars were appointed to collect the tax.
9.     Why the integration of Jammu and kashmir with India is unique compared to that of other provinces?
A. • King Harisingh wanted to be independent
       Fearing a merger of Kashmir with India, Pakistan incited the tribals of the Jammu and Kashmir valley.
       The National conference of sheikh Abdullah which fought for the freedom of Kashmir, finally decided that merging with India that had a democracy.
       King Harisingh requested for help form the Indian government.
       After the Pakistan attempt failed, Jammu and Kashmir merged with Indian union.
       On 1st January 1949, the UNO ordered a ceasefire.
       The North-West region of Kashmir occupied by Pakistan is called Pak-occupied Kashmir even now.
10.     Describe the linguistic formation of states?
A. • In 1953 the Government formed Justice Fazal Ali commission in which Fazal Ali was the chairman, K.M. Panickker and H.N. Kunjru were the members.
       In 1953, Andhra Pradesh became the first state to be formed based on language.
       As per the report of the commission, the state Accordingly, 14 states and 6 union Territories were formed in the country.
1.     'Mahal. means
a.         ) District b) Taluk c) Village d) house
2. English Education in India was introduced by.
a)       Lord Macaulay                   b) Lord curzon
c) Lord Willian Bentick d) Lord corncoallis.
1.     What is the suggestion given by Charleswood Despatch?
Ans: Priority should be given to primary education.

3.     The first train link started between
a.      Mumbai and Thane b. Mumbai and Pune c. Mumbai and Madras d. Mumbai and Delhi
4.     The following newspaper played a significant role in the struggle of Indigo farmers in Bengal.
a)       Amroth Bazar              b) The Tribune
c) Hindu Patriot                  d) The Bengal
5.     In the 18th century India was the centre of production has reached the status of mere supplier of raw materials due to.
a)       fall in the quality of Indian goods.
b)      Industrial revolution of England.
c)       Increase in the production of raw materials
d)      Imbalanace in Europein markets.
6.     Lord Cornwallis introduced the zamindari system in.
a)       Coorg                                         b) Madras
c) Mumbai                                        d) Bengal
1.     Why did the British introduce the road and railway system in India ?
A. To reach every nook and corner of India fast. To transport raw materials finished goods and the army.
1.     What are the changes brought about by the Industrial revolution in India?
A. • India was once the centre of production has become a mere exporter of raw materials.
     British started selling their finished products at a low price.
     Indian goods could not compete with the goods of England.
     Industries suffered heavy loss and employees lost their jobs.
1.     Which was the first Kannada newspaper?
Mangaluni Samachar.
2.     Who started the first Kannada newspaper mangluru Samachar?
Mangaluru Missionary.
3.     When did the newspaper in various languages started in India?