FOREST OF INDIA-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

Chapter-05 Geography
FOREST OF INDIA
(2marks 1 Question)
1.     How much of area is under forests in India?
According to a survey of 2009, India has 6.9 lakh km2 of
forest forming an average of 21.2% of the geographical area.
2.      Name the national parks of Karnataka Bandipura, Nagarahole Bannerugatta
3.     What is meant by natural vegetation?
The total plant life growing naturally in an area is called natural vegetation
4.     How many types of Natural vegetations are there? Which are those?
6 types.
      Evergreen forests,
      Mangrove forests,
      Tropical Grasslands,
      Deciduous forests
      Desert vegetatation and Alpine forest of Himalayan
5.     What is meant by biodiversity?
India has large diversity of flora and fauna so this is called bio diversity
6.      What are your suggestions for conservation of forests? Protecting the forest trees against diseases
Planting saplings, sowing seeds, guarding against illegal cutting of trees, Motivating people to plant saplings, creating awareness among people about trees
7.     Explain the characteristics and distribution of deciduous forests in India.
      They are seen in areas receiving 75 to 250 cms of rainfall
      It has distributed widely
      They shed their leaves during summer
      Teak, sal sandal wood trees are found here
They found in Western slops of Western Ghats Jammu &Kashmir Bengal Jharkhand
8.     Explain the characteristics and distribution of Evergreen forests in India.
*      Annual rainfall of more than 250cms *Trees can grow up
to 60 mts *Important Trees are Ebony Mahogany BT Bamboo.
*In India forests are found western side of the Western Ghats North eastern Sides Andaman & Nicobar.
9.      What are Sundarbans?
The Sundari trees are plenty in the Ganga basin and hence these forests are called Sundarbans.
I.       Choose the correct answers.
1.      The state that has largest area under forests.
a. Karnataka          b. Madhya Pradesh
c. Assam                d. Kerala
2.      The following does not belong to the tropical Vegetation.
a. Laurel b. Babul c. Seesum d. Sabhai.
3.      The State that has lowest area under forest.
a. Punjab                b.Meghalaya
c. Haryana             d.Tamil Nadu
4.     The vegetation found along the deltas and estauries of the rivers.
a) Alpine                 b) Evergreen forests
c) Mangrove forests d) Decedious monsoon forests.
5.      The Vegetation that is found in Assam. Meghalaya and Andaman, Nicobar, Islands.
a) Mangrove Forest b) Decidous monsoon Forests c) Evergreen Forests d) Tropical Grasslands.
6.      Toon silver spruce laurel and sal trees are found in the following forests
a)      Tropical grasslands
b)      Ever green forests
c)       Deciduous monsoon forests
d)      Alpine forests of himalayas
7.      Kaziranga national park Assam state tandova national park.
a) Bihar                   b) Gujrath

c) Maharastra        d) karnataka
1.      What is aim of establishing wild life santuries?
A. To protect animals in their natural habitat.
2.      How many Biosphere Reserves are found in India?
A. 18.
3.      In Which State is the Gir National Park?
A. Gujrat.
1.                                                                  What are the                 factors that influence        the
natural vegetation?
A. • Temperature • Rain • Landforms • Soil etc.
2.      Name any four wild life sancturies?
A. 1) Annamalai 2) Madbrihaat 3) Bharatpur       4)
Birmotibagh 5) Nagarjuna Sagar etc.
3.      Name any four National Parks of Indira.
A. 1) Kaziranga National Park
2)     Sunderbans
3)     Hazaribagh
4)     Gir National Park
5)     Kunha National Park
6)     Tandova National Park
4.      Name any four Biosphere Reserves of India.
A. 1) Nilgiri
2)      Nanda devi
3)      Nokrek
4)      Great Nicobar
5)      Gulf of Mannar
6)      Sunderbans
7)      Similipal
8)      Kanchenjunga
Answer in one sentence:
1.      What is meant by natural vegetation?
A: The total plant life growing naturally in an area is called Natural vegelation.
2.      Which is the first national Park established in India.
A: Jin Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal
3.      What is conservation of forest?
A: protection of forests from human beings, animals and natural disasters is called conservation of forest.
4.      How many wildlife sancturies are there in India?
A: There are around 523 wild life santuries in India.
5.      Four to five sentences:
1.      Name the different types of forests found in India.
1.      Evergreen forests
2.      Deciduous monsoon forests
3.      Tropical grasslands
4.      Mangrove forests
5.      Desert vegetation
6.      Aspine forests of Himalayas.
2.      What are the methods to conserve forest.
1.      Cutting down driedup and abrasing trees which cause forest fires
2.      Prtoecting the forest trees against diseases.
3.      Implemeting social forestry projects.
4.      sowing seeds.
5.      planting saplings
6.      Guarding against illegal cutting of trees.
7.      Avoiding grazing of domestic animal in the forest.
8.      Encouring the public to plant trees.
9.      creating awarness regarding the importance of trees.