KANNADA SPEAKING AREAS DURING THE COLONIAL RULE-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

HISTORY CHAPTER-02
KANNADA – SPEAKING AREAS DURING THE COLONIAL RULE
Text Book Question and Answers
I Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. The first Anglo Mysore war was ended with the treaty of Madras
2. The colony of French was Mahe
3. The son of Hyder Ali was Tippu Sultan
4. The Kodagu was ruled eight centuries by Changalvas
5. In the biginning of 17th century the south canara conquered by Venkatappa Nayak


II Discuss the following in groups and answer the questions:
1. How did Hyder Ali fight the British?
The growth of Haider Ali started alarmed by Marathas, Hie Nawab of Carnatic and the Nizam of Hyderabad. So, Marathas and the Nizams allied with the British. But Hyder Ali was defeated the British in first Anglo-Mysore War in 1767.
When the Marathas attacked Mysore, The British did not come to rescue Hyder Ali according to the terms of Madras peace treaty.
The British occupied French colony Mahe, which was under the control of Hyder.
So, Hyder Ali allied with the Marathas and the Nizam and fought against Iyer Coot of English in 1781.
2. What was the cause for the Second Anglo Mysore War?
• Mahe was a colony of the French and was under the control of Haider Ali.
• The British captured Mahe.
3. The ‘Srirangapatna Treaty’ was inevitable for Tippu. Explain.
• The English considered the Tippu was their stongest enemy in the south
• The Tippu attacked Raja of Travanwre who was Allie of the English.
• Tippu fought for about 2 years in the 3rd AngloMysore war and had to sign Shrirangapatna treaty.
• He lost heavily and he had to forfeit half of his kingdom.
• In addition he had to pay 330 lakh rupees as the compensation.
• It was agreed to the two sons of his would remain in the custody of the British till the compensation was paid.
4. Which are the areas of ‘Hyderabad Karnataka’?
Bidar, Glubarga, Raichur and Yadgir.
5. Explain the friendship between the British and Venkatappa Nayaka of Ikkeri.
• He occupied the region of South Canara.
• He shifted his capital to Bidanur.
• The Keladi rulers under Venkatappa Nayaka continued to rule over this region.
• The English relations with South Canara started in 1737.
• The English obtained permission to trade from Bidanur rulers.
• They gained monopoly to trade in pepper and cardamom
6. Describe the role of Guddemane Appayyagowda in the Coorg mutiny.
There ensued struggle under the leadership of Guddemane Appayya Gowda. This struggle was suppressed by the British through the Diwans of Coorg.The army came from Madras abated the struggle from Mangalore. The British projected this as the revolt. Some of the important activists of the struggle were hanged to death while a few were arrested and exiled
7. Explain how Mumbai-Karnataka area became part of British Territory
After the decline of the state of Vijayanagar, the local rulers of Canara became independent. Subsequently, the Sultans of Bijapur staked claim over this region. After the fall of Bijapur in 1686, the region of Canara came under the rule of the Moghuls and later the Marathas. As a result of this, the Palegars of Sonda and Bidanur came under the rule of Moghuls. In 1700, the Marathas occupied the region of Canara. When Hyder Ali occupied Bidanur in 1763 he also brought Sonda and the coastal areas under him. After the death of Tippu, the English took possession of Sonda. However, due to its proximity with the regions of Bombay, North Canara including Sonda was transferred in 1861 to Bombay presidency.
Even before the battle of Talikota, regions of Dharwad were occupied by the Bijapur sultans. For some time Dharwad was also under the Moghuls. Later, Hubli and Dharwad came under the occupation of Hyder Ali and Tippu. Later, the Marathas occupied this region and retained it till 1817. With the fall of the Marathas in the same year, these regions came under the English. In 1836 Belgaum was separated from Dharwad. After the revolt of Nargund, the English also took possession of Nargund.


Additional Question and Answers
I. Choose the correct answer and write.
1. The Naval base of Hyder Ali.
a) Madras b) Mangalore c) Calcutta d)South Canara
2. The rule of wodeyar dynasty in Mysore began during the time of
a) Raja wodeyar & chikkadevaraja
b) Kanthiranarasaraja & Chikkadevaraja
c) Yaduraya and Krishnaraya
d) Krishnadevaraya and Krishnaraja wodeya III
3. After the death of Aurangazeb Deccan province came under the rule of
a) Krishnaraja Wodeyar III b) Hyder Ali c) Tippu sultan d) Nizam of Hyderabad
4. The last king of wodeyar dynasty
a) Jayachamaraja wodeyar b) Krishnaraja wodeyar III
c) Krishnaraja wodeyar IV d) Chikkadevaraja
5. Mysore state came to be known as Ramarajya during the reign of.
a) Raja wodeyar b) Chikkadevaraja c) Krishnaraja wodeyar III d)Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV
6. Belgaum was separated from Dharwad in.
a) 1836 b) 1863 c) 1683 d) 1837
7. The first native ruler who had got his foot out of India.
a) Lingaraja b)Chikkavirarajya c) Deddaverarajya d)Veerarajya
8. British attached the region of lower coorg to.
a) Mumbai b) Bengal c) Calcutta d) Madra
9. The independent native state of coorg was under the contol of these rulers.
a) Ikkeri b) Haleri c) Mysore d) Bahmani
10. After the thired Anglo Mysore war they got the region upto Tungabhadra
a) English b) Nizam c) Marathas d) Moghals
11. The British took possession of sonda after the death of
a) Hyder Ali b) Tippu c) Arasappanayaka d) Bhimaras
12. The leader from mundargi during the 1857 revolt was
a) Bimrao b) Bhaskar Rao c) Venkatappanayaka d) Sangolli Rayanna.
13. The saint of well wisher of the Haleri rulers who organised the formers against British was.
a) Swamy Aparampar b) Kalyana Swami c) Puttabasappa d) Ramegowda
14. During the 18th century emerged as a strong military ruler of Mysore and challenged the Marathas, the Nizam and the Nawab of Carnatic.
A) Hyder Ali B) Raja Wodeyar C) Yaduraya D) Krishnaraya
15. The Second Anglo-Mysore War started when the English captured a French trading centre under the control of Hyder Ali.
A) Calicut B) Kasaragod C) Mahe D) Mangalore.
16. The Second Anglo-Mysore War ended with the
A) Defeat of the English B) Treaty of Mangalore
C) Victory of the English D) victory of Tippu Sultan
17. Under Article 371-J of the Constitution, special status has been granted to this region.
A) Coastal region B) Mumbai-Karnataka C) Hyderabad-Karnataka D) Madras-Karnataka
18. From the 17th century Coorg began to be ruled by the kings.
A) Haleri B) Wodeyar C) Keladi D) Ikkeri.
19. English rule started in Coorg in 1834 after dethroning of the last Haleri king
A) Viraraja B) Lingaraja C) Chikkaviraraja D) Basavaraja
20. The period under Krishnarajo Wodeyar IV became famous as
A) Suvarna Rajya B) Kalyana Rajya C) Rama Raiya D) Deva Rajya'

Fill in the blanks
1. During 4th Anglo Mysore war the Tippu’s army was trained by French.
2. Mysore was ruled by Raja wodiya in the easly part of 17th century.
3. Bidar fomed a part of the Decan Province under emperor Aurangazeb
4. Halagali belongs to Mudhol taluk of Bagalkot District.
5. Hyder Ali began his carrer as an Ordinary official in the mysore army
6. Inside Coorge also there ensured struggle under te leadership of Guddemane Appayya Gowda
7. In the first Anglo-Mysore war Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad attacked Haider
8. During Second Anglo-Mysore war Sir Iyer Coot led the English army.
9. The capital of Raja Wodeyar was Srirangapatna
10. The last king of Wodeyar was Jayachamaraja Wodeyar
11. Apart oflhe Deccan province of Aurangzeb was Bidar
12. Earlier the Nizam of Hyderabad were the provincial officers of the Mughal emperors
13. Haleri Arasas came to dominance of Coorg.
14. Nayakas and Palayagars were defeated by Haleri Arasas
15. After Lingaraja Chikkaviraraja was came to the power.
16. The Crusadar from Mangalore were reposed by Colish
17. The first Diwan of Mysore was Poomaiah


Answer in a sentence:
1. Which were the places gained by the British during the third Anglo Mysore war?
Some regions in Tamilnadu and Malabar which were under Mysore were taken over by the British.
2. When the Nizam of Hyderabad did became independent?
When the moghal emperor after Aurangzeb became weak.
3. Which were the Kannada speaking regions under madras provincy during 19th century?
Bellary and South Canara.
4. Which was the region occupied by venkatappanayaka in 17th century?
Region of south Canara.
5. When the English relations with south canara did began?
1737 A.D
6. As per the treaty of srirangapatna what was the monetary compensation Tippu had to pay to the British?
330 Lakhs.
7. Name the rulers who allied with Britis to fight against Mysore.
The Marathas and the Nizams.
8. Name the areas captrured by Hyder Ali after suppressing the revolting chieftains.
Bidanur, Sunda, Sera, Canara and Malabar
9. Who implemented Moghal System of taxation and Administration in Mysore?
Hyder Ali
10. Who was considered as the strongest enemy of the English in South?
Tippu Sulthan.
11. Who captured Kundapur in 1780?
The commander of Bombay
12. Name the first Indian ruler who had put his foot out of Inida.
Chikkaviraraja.
13. Who was Kalyana Swami?
Kalyana Swami was a followers of Swamy Aparampara who continued the effort of organising the preasants was arrested and hanged.
14. Who was the partner of Kalyana Swami and who organised struggle againt the British?
15. An influential preasant leader Kedambadi Ramagowda of Amarasaulya.
Who hoisted the flag of victory in Mangalore and when?
The peasant army from sulya entered Mangalore and hence the flag of victory in 1837
16. Who was Srirangaraya?
Srirangaraya was the reperesntative of the Vijayanagar Empire and he was incharge of the Srirangapatna region.
17. Name the places which were protest against the British?
Supa, Surapur, Nargund and Dandhi.
18. Who were the leader of protest against the British took place in Supa, Surapur, Nargunda and Dandhi?
Mundargi Bhimrao, Bhaskar Rao Bhave, the Halagali Bedas, Raja Venkatappa Nayak and Others
19. Who joined the Hands with Halagali Bedas to fight against British?
Muntur, Bodani and the Hunter of Algundi.
20. How did Mysore emerge as a challenge to other southern kingdoms?
The emergence of Hyder Ali as the commander of the Mysore army in the latter half of the 18th century posed a challenge to other southern kingdoms
21. Which treaty ended the first Anglo-Mysore War?
The first Anglo-Mysore War ended in 1769 with the treaty of Madras.
22. Which colony of the French was under the control ofHyder Ali?
Mahe, which was a colony of the French, was under the control of Hyder Ali.
23. What led to the Second Anglo-Mysore War?
OR
What was the cause of the Second Anglo-Mysore War?
The Second Anglo-Mysore War started in 1780 when the English captured Mahe, a colony of the French under the control of Hyder Ali.
24. Who led the English army in the Second Anglo-Mysore War?
Eyre Coote led the English army in the Second Anglo-Mysore War.
25. Which treaty ended the Second Anglo-Mysore War?
The Second Anglo-Mysore War ended in 1784 with the treaty of Mangalore.
26. Who were the parties to the treaty of Mangalore?
The treaty of Mangalore was signed in 1784 between the English and Tippu Sultan.
27. Which treaty ended the Third Anglo-Mysore War?
The Third Anglo-Mysore War ended with the treaty of Srirangapatna in 1792.
28. Between whom was the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War fought?
The Fourth Anglo-Mysore War was fought between Tippu Sultan and the English led by their Governor-General Wellesley.
29. Who were the founders of the Wodeyar dynasty?
Yaduraya and Krishnaraya were the founders of the Wodeyar dynasty.
30. Who made Srirangapatna the capital of the Wodeyars?
Raja Wodeyar made Srirangapatna the capital of the Wodeyars.
31. Name two important kings among the early Wodeyars.
Kanteerava Narasaraja Wodeyar and Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar were two important kings among the early Wodeyars.
32. From whom did the English obtain permission to trade in South Canara?
The English obtained permission from the rulers of Bidanur to trade in South Canara
33. When did the revolt of Nargund take place?
The revolt of Nargund took place during 1857-58.
34. Who became the ruler of Coorg after the death of Tippu Sultan?
The Haleri Chief Viraraja became the ruler of Coorg after the death of Tippu Sultan.
35. How did Raja Wodeyar come to the power?
Raja Wodeyar by defeating Srirangaraya representative of the Vijayanagar captured the Srirangapatna and began his rule.
36. Why did Krishnaraja Wodeyar was renowned as ‘Ramarajya’?
During the Krishnaraja Wodeyar period Mysore state achieved remarkable progress. So, he renowned as Ramarajya
37. Which was called as the revolt of Nargund?
After the fall of Marathas the Dharwad was came under English. The English was separated Belguam from Dharwad. This was protested by Naragunda Nayakas in 1857-58, was called the revolt of Nargund.
38. Who were seized the power of Chikka Krishnaraja Wodeyar?
The Nanjaraja (the dictator) and Devaraja (the commander of the army) had seized the power of Chikka Krishnaraja Wodeyar.

Answer in the Following:
1. What were the terms of the treaty of Srirangapatna?
· Tippu had to forfeit half of his kingdom to the British.
· He had to pay 330 lakhs as compensation.
· Two of his sons were taken as hostages by the English.
2. What were the causes and results for the 1st AngloMysore war?
• In 1767, the British having allied with the Madras and the Nizam of Hyderabad attacked Haider Ali of Mysore.
• Haider Ali became successful in wooing the support of the Maratas and the Nizam of Haiderabad.
• Haider Ali confronted to the British went as far as Madras.
• The English were forced to sign the Madras peace treaty.
3. Explain Tippu's preparation for the war?
• Tippu took measures to face the British and to protect his capital.
• He engaged the French to train his army.
• He tried to establish communication with France, Turkey and other countries and sought their help.
4. Which are the areas of MumbaiKarnataka?
Belgaum, Bijapur and Dharawad..
5. Why the British did removed Chikkaveeraraja from the power?
Chikkaveeraraja was very cruel and a tyrant the British disposed and had him exiled.
6. What are the terms and conditions of Shrirangapatna Treaty? Or what are the effects of 3rd Anglo -Mysore War?
• Tippu fought for about 2 years in the 3rd AngloMysore war and had to sign Shrirangapatna treaty.
• He lost heavily and he had to forfeit half of his kingdom.
• In addition he had to pay 330 lakh rupees as the compensation.
• It was agreed to the two sons of his would remain in the custody of the British till the compensation was paid.
7. What are the causes for the fourth AngloMysore war?
• Lord Wellesley tried to impose doctrine of Subsidiary alliance on Mysore.
• Tippu opposed this and made preparation for war.
• So Lord Wellesley waged war against Tippu.
8. What are the results of the fourth Anglo Mysore war?
• The state of Mysore was shared by the British and the Nizam.
• The region of old Mysore was handed over to Krishnaraja Wodeyar III.
• Many of the territories of Coorg which were under Tippu were handed over the kings of Coorg.
9. How can you prove that Hyder Ali was a good adminstrator?
Hyder Ali was illiterated. He implemented the Mughal system of taxation and administration in Mysore and made it a powerful state. He practised religious tolerance. There were many Hindu officials in his court.
10. Why did the hunter of Halagali revolt?
The British passed a law banning use of arms in the areas under their control. Halagali in Mudhol taluk of Bagalkot district was under their control. Halagali ‘Bedas’ who had been using rifles for hunting since many generations, were not ready hand over these arms. To protect their herditary right, they revolted against the British.
11. How the British does became victorious against local rulers?
The English used to make use of the rivalry existed between the local rulers gradually they became victorious.
12. How the Mangalore did came under the control of British?
Many areas in south canara were reeling under the impact of the coorg rebellion on Account of the partition treaty Mangalore came under British rule.
13. How did Hyder Ali developoed enmity with the Marathas?
Hyder Ali occupied Bidanur in 1763 and acquired enormous wealth, he also brought sounda and the costal areas under him. Due to this, he developed enmity with the Marathas.
14. How did Tippu die? When?
In 1799 Tippu’s capital, Srirangapatna was surrounded on all the four sides by the British army, Tippy fought bravely, but died on the battle field.
15. Tippu’s dominance Started declining after the Third Anglo Mysore war. How?
Tippu’s internal enemies had increased, there were many plots against him in the capital the Governor General Lard Wellesley insisted that Tippu should accept subsidary Alliance.
16. Which were the regional powers of South India that emerged in the 18th century after the decline of the Mughal Empire?
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Marathas, the Nizams of Hyderabad, Nawabs of Carnatic emerged as important regional powers in South India.
17. What was the position of Kannada-speaking areas after the decline of the Mughal Empire?
With the decline of the Mughal Empire, many petty regional powers emerged. At the same time, European colonial forces that had entered India, struggled for supremacy with these regional powers. At such a time, Kannada-speaking areas came under the control of various regional powers. While some areas came under the control of the Marathas, others came under the control of the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Carnatic. Gradually, the English established their control over these native states. While some areas came under the control of the Bombay presidency, others came under the Madras province and the Nizam of Hyderabad. The independent native state of Coorg was under the control of Haleri rulers. In this way, many of the Kannada-speaking areas came to be ruled by the British.
18. When was the First Anglo-Mysore War fought? What was its result?
OR
The English were forced to sign the Madras treaty. Why?
In 1767, the English joined hands with the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad and attacked Mysore. Hyder Ali broke this alliance by wooing away the Marathas and the Nizam from the English and getting them on to his side. Together they attacked the English and reached up to Madras forcing them to sign the Treaty of Madras in 1769. With this the First Anglo-Mysore War ended. As per the treaty, the signing parties had to help each other if they were to be attacked by any third party.
19. What were the terms of the treaty of Madras?
Both the parties agreed to return each other's territories they had captured. They also agreed to help each other in the event of an attack by a third party.
20. How did Hyder Ali come to the conclusion that the English were not trustworthy?
As per the terms of the treaty of Madras, the English agreed to help Hyder Ali in the event of an attack by a third party. However, when the Marathas attacked Mysore, the English did not come to the rescue of Hyder Ali. Hence Hyder Ali came to the conclusion that the British were not trustworthy
21. How did the Second Anglo-Mysore War end?
Hyder Ali died in 1782 during the course of the Second Anglo-Mysore War. After his death his son Tippu Sultan continued the war. The war ended in 1784 with the treaty of Mangalore.
22. What was the cause of the Third Anglo-Mysore War?
The English considered Tippu as their strongest enemy in the South. When he attacked Travancore, an ally of the English, the English declared war on Mysore. This led to the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
23. What were the results of the Third Anglo-Maratha War?
OR
What were the terms of the Treaty of Srirangapatna of 1792?
According to the Treaty of Srirangapatna, (a) Tippu had to forfeit half of his kingdom, (b) He had to pay a sum of 330 lakh rupees as compensation for the losses, (c) He had also to send two of his sons to the English as hostages till the compensation was paid, (d) Some regions in Tamil Nadu and Malabar which were under Mysore were taken over by the British, (e) The Marathas got the region up to the Tungabhadra. (f) Bellary, Cuddapah and the Doab region of Tungabhadra were given to the Nizam.
24. Why did Lord Wellesley declare war on Mysore?
OR
Why did the British attack Tippu in 1799?
The British Governor General, Lord Wellesley, who came to India in 1798, tried to impose the subsidiary alliance on Mysore. But Tippu refused to sign and made preparations for war. He took measures to protect his capital. He engaged the French to train his army. He tried to establish communication with France, Turkey and other countries and sought their help. Hence the British declared war on Tippu in 1799.
25. How did Kannada-speaking areas of the Deccan province come under the control of Nizam of Hyderabad?
OR
How did Bidar, Gulbarga and Raichur come under the Nizam?
The Nizam of Hyderabad was the provincial officer of the Mughals. When the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb became weak, the Nizam declared himself independent. It was then that the entire Deccan province came under the control of the Nizam. As a result, the Kannada-speaking regions like Bidar, Kalburgi and Raichur came under the rule of the Nizam.
26. Who were the prominent leaders of Hyderabad-Karnataka who opposed the English policy of Doctrine of Lapse?
Some of the prominent leaders who opposed the English policy of Doctrine of Lapse in Northern Karnataka were Kittur Rani Chennamma, Sangolli Rayanna, Mundargi Bhimrao, Bhaskar Rao Bhave, the Halagali Bedas, Raja Venkatappa Nayaka and others.
27. Why is special status given to Hyderabad-Karnataka region?
Under Article 371-J of the Constitution, the districts which form the Hyderabad- Karnataka region have been given special status for allround development of this region. The Hyderabad-Karnataka Development Authority has been constituted. Special facilities like reservations in educational institutions and injobs are provided to the people of these districts.
28. Write a note on the rebellion of the Halagali Bedas.
Halagali is a village in Mudhol taluk of Bagalkot district. The Halagali Bedas were hunters by profession and used to have guns for the purpose of hunting. During the first war of Indian independence in 1857, the British promulgated a law banning use of arms in the areas under their control. This rule was extended to Halagali too. To protect their hereditary rights the hunters of Halagali revolted against the English. But the government crushed their rebellion mercilessly.
29. How did Madras-Karnataka come under the control of the English?
Hyder Ali conquered Bidanur in 1763 and later even Mangalore. In 1780, when the British engaged in a battle with Hyder, the commander of Bombay captured Kundapur. As Bidanur fell into the hands of the British, Tippu entered the scene with his army. As a result, the British had to retreat. During this period many areas in South Canara were reeling under the impact of the Coorg rebellion. On account of the Partition Treaty, Mangalore came under British rule. In 1862, all regions north of Kundapur were transferred to Bombay Presidency and the remaining regions of Bellary and South Canara came under the Madras Presidency.
30. Which districts formed the Mumbai-Karnataka region?
The present districts of Belagavi, Vijapura, Dharwad and some regions of North Canara formed the Mumbai-Karnataka region and were under the rule of Bombay Presidency.
31. Who were the rulers who ruled Coorg up to the 17th century?
Chengalvas ruled Coorg up to the 17th century. After they lost their power, the Haleri Arasas came into prominence. They defeated the Nayakas and Palegars, and came to power by about the 18th century. By the end of the 18th century Coorg came under the rule of Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. After the defeat of Tippu, the English reinstated the Haleri rulers.
32. How did Coorg come under the English rule?
After the death of Tippu Sultan, the Haleri Chief Viraraja became the king of Coorg. After his death his Queen began to rule as regent. Later the state was ruled by Lingaraja. After Lingaraja’s death, his son Chikkaviraraja assumed power. As he was cruel and a tyrant, he was dethroned and the English took Coorg under their direct rule
33. Why were the farmers of lower Coorg region unhappy under the English rule?
After the English took Coorg under their rule, the lower Coorg region was transferred to Madras Presidency. Due to this, the peasants in this region got entangled in enhanced revenue exploitation. They reached a condition where they had to borrow from middlemen to pay revenue. If they were unable to repay, suits were filed against them by the government. They were exploited by the lawyers as well
34. Describe the rebellion of Kalyana Swami.
Swami Aparampara, a saint and well-wisher of the Haleri Kings, started inciting farmers against the English rule. He was arrested. But, his follower Kalyana Swami continued the work started by Swami Aparampara. He was arrested and hanged. The movement was kept alive by projecting Puttabasappa as Kalyana Swami. The farmers marched towards Mangalore in 1837 and unfurled their flag there. From Kasaragod to Mulki and from Sullia to Mangalore they ruled for 13 days.
35. Describe the role of Guddemane Appayya Gowda in the Coorg Mutiny.
In Coorg, the struggle against the English was organized under the leadership of Guddemane Appayya Gowda. The rebel force, though tried to occupy Coorg, did not succeed. The English army under the leadership of the Dewan of Coorg suppressed the mutiny effectively. Guddemane Appayya Gowda was hanged publicly in Madikeri.
36. The struggle of lower Coorg and coastal regions is significant. Why?
There was a struggle in Coorg under the leadership of Guddemane Appayya Gowda against the British. This struggle was suppressed by the British through the diwans of Coorg. The struggle in Mangalore was abated by the army sent from Madras. The British projected this as a revolt. This struggle of lower Coorg and coastal regions is significant as it occurred well before the 1857 struggle.
37. Who were the leaders of the 20th century who raised their voice against the English in Coorg?
During the 20th century, leaders like Pandyanda Belliappa, Chippudira, Poonacha and .others who were under the influence of the Indian National Congress and Mahatma Gandhi, raised their voice against the English in Coorg
38. Explain how the Mumbai-Karnataka area became a part of English territory.
After the decline of the state of Vijayanagar, the local rulers of Canara became independent. Subsequently, the Sultans of Bijapur staked claim over this region. After the fall of Bijapur in 1686, the region of Canara came under the rule of the Moghuls and later the Marathas. As a result of this, the Palegars of Sonda and Bidanur came under the rule of Moghuls. In 1700, the Marathas occupied the region of Canara. When Hyder Ali occupied Bidanur in 1763 he also brought Sonda and the coastal areas under him. After the death of Tippu, the English took possession of Sonda. However, due to its proximity with the regions of Bombay, North Canara including Sonda was transferred in 1861 to Bombay presidency.
Even before the battle of Talikota, regions of Dharwad were occupied by the Bijapur sultans. For some time Dharwad was also under the Moghuls. Later, Hubli and Dharwad came under the occupation of Hyder Ali and Tippu. Later, the Marathas occupied this region and retained it till 1817. With the fall of the Marathas in the same year, these regions came under the English. In 1836 Belgaum was separated from Dharwad. After the revolt of Nargund, the English also took possession of Nargund
Timeline
1686 A.D.: Fall of Bijapur
1700 A.D.: Marathas occupied the region of canara.
1737 A.D.: English relation with south canara started.
1761 A.D.: Hyder Ali dethroned Nanjaraja
1763 A.D.: Hyder Ali conquered Bidanur
1767 A.D.: The first Anglo Mysore war.
1769 A.D.: Hyder Ali Subdued the British and captured Madras.
1780 A.D.: The commander of Bombay captured Kundapur.
1781 A.D.: The English army, under Sir Eyre coote, defeated Hyder Ali in the battle of solignur.
1784 A.D.: Second Anglo Mysore war ended with the ‘Mangalore peace treaty’
1790 A.D.: Third Anglo Mysore war estarted.
1792 A.D.: Third Anglo Mysore war ended with the ‘treaty of Srirangapatna’
1798 A.D.: The British Governor General. Lord Wellesley came to India.
1799 A.D.: Tippu died in the Battle field.
1817 A.D.: Fall of Maradhas.
1836 A.D.: Belgaum was separated from Dharwad
1837 A.D.: The peasant army form sulya entered Mangalore and hoisted the flag of victory.
1857-58 A.D.: Revolt of Nargund
1861 A.D.: North canara and sonda were transferred to Bombay presidency.
1862 A.D.: All the regions north of Kundapur were transferred to Bombay presidency.