PROBLEMS OF INDIA AND THEIR REMEDIES-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

CHAPTER-01 POLITICAL SCIENCE

PROBLEMS OF INDIA AND THEIR REMEDIES

(One marks)

1.    Developing deep attachment with the place of living is called regionalism.

2.      Linguistic states have been created in 1956 in India.

3.    In Karnataka there is Lokayuktha to curb corruption.

4.    Population of India has been crossed 121 crores as per 2011 census.

5.    Getting more profits from consumers is called as profiteering.

6.    Communalism is the strong feeling or too much attachment towards ones religion.

7.      According to 2011 censes, literacy rate is 74%.

8.    In 1998 ‘National Literacy Mission’ has been established by the Government.

9.    Article 21 of our constitution Right to Education has been guaranteed.

10.In 2009 Compulsory free education has been implemented for the children.

11.In Karnataka 33% reservation has been implemented for women in local government.

I.      Choose the correct answer and write.

1.      According to 2011 census the population of India is.

a)      84 Crores                b) 102.7 Crores

c) 121 Crores               d) 20 Crores

2.      According to 2011 Census the literacry rate of India is.

a)      12%                       b) 26%

c) 74%                         d) 66%

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3.      Regionalism hinders which among     the following.

a)      Communalism     b) National   integrity

c) Economic equality d) Religion

1.             In 1988 ‘traditional literacy mission was established by Govt of India with this aim

a)      To make illiterates as literates

b)      To make women literates

c)       To make only men literates

d)      To create an awareness among women.

2.      The objective of stree shakthi programme by Karnataka Government is

a)      Removal of corruption

b)      All round progress of rural woman

c)       All round progress of urban woman

d)    All round progress of urben & woman

3.     In 2001 the programme launched to provide free education for children of 6-14 years was

a)    Food for work                    b) RMSA

c)    Sarvashikshana Abhiyana

d)    Sakshara bharath program.

II.  Answer in 2/3 sentence

I.      Communalism is a threat to national integrity how? A. Communalism glorifies religious division of society resulting in mutual distrust & threat.

*      It manifest itself in social groupism economic antagonism and even political rivalry.

*      It distrubs the very unity and integrity of a nation.

*      It leads to social unrest even ruin life and property.

II.  Answer in a sentence:

1.    What is smuggling?

A. Secrectly getting goods from other countries without paying the import duty to govt is known as ‘smuggling’.

2.     Name the institution which have got corrective utility to control corruption?

A. Lokpal and Lok Ayukta.

III.      Answer in a sentence:

1.    What are the measures to spread literacy?

A. • ‘Sarva Siksha Abhiyan’ has been launched in 2001.

•       In 1988 ‘National literacy mission has been established.

•       Through Article 21 of our constitution right to Education has made as Fundamental right.

•       In 2009 ‘Right to Education Act’ at National level was introduced.

iv. Answer the following

1.    After Independence list the problems faced by India?

The problems faced by India are Communalism, Regionalism, Illiteracy, Corruption, Economic inequality, Over Population, Poverty, Profiteering, and Smuggling.

2.    What is Communalism?

It refers to the strong feeling that their group identities and interest are opposed to each other.

3.    Communalism is harmful to national progress. How?

*      Communalism glorifies religious division of society resulting in mutual distrust and threat.


•      It manifests itself in social groupism, economic antagonism and even political rivalry.

•      Communalism is a menace which is capable to disrupt the very unity and integrity of our nation.

•      It propagates hatephilosophy among religious groups.

4.    How can communalism be curbed?

•      Uniform legal system.

•      Equal treatment of all citizens.

•      Practice of secularism in all aspects of public life.

•      Furtherance of national feeling above the sectarian thoughts are very essential.

5.    Regionalism is against national development Discuss.

•      Regionalism harms the national unity and interest.

•      It hampers the unity and development of the nation.

•      It will cause serious inter state border disputes, river water disputes etc.

6.    What are the measures to spread literacy?

•      It has launched Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in 2001 to provide free education for children of 614 years.

•      It provides education to girls and physically challenged.

•      In 1998 ‘National Literacy Mission’ has been launched by the government of India to make illiterates literate.

•      Article 21 of our constitution Right to Education has been guaranteed.

7.    What is Profiteering? Give examples

•      It means the excess profits earning trend at the cost of general public or consumers.

Examples; Unhealthy market practices, hoarding, black marketing, lack of proper price monitoring by commercial authorities.

8.    What is Regionalism?

•      Communalism is the strong feeling or too much attachment towards ones religion.

9.    What are the measures taken by the government to improve the position of women?

•      Women education, Prohibition of child marriage Act, Dowry Prohibition Act, are there for the empowerment of women.

•      Government of Karnataka has implemented Stree Shakthi Programme for the development of rural women.

•      There is an effort to have the reservation for women from Punchayat to Parliament.

•      Various Commissions for women came into existence. It looks after constitutional and legal matters pertaining to women.

10.Population is deemed as human resourcesExplain.

•      India has a vast population which can be conveniently converted into vast human resource.

•      The spread of literacy, technical training, agricultural development, industrial growth, export promotion, creation of employment opportunities

•      Both rural and urban sectors are some of the means to tackle over population.

11.What are the plans to eradicate poverty? Explain.

•      BPL cards are issued to the poor families.

•      Five year plans in India are directed to eradicate poverty and increase per capita income.

•      Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Rural Employment generation programme.

•      Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojan, ect.

12.“Profiteering brings loss both for producer and consumer” Explain this.

•      Profiteering corrupt society.

•      It creates economic inequality and enhances poverty.

•      It encourages crimes in society

•      Profiteering is the result of unethical practices of trade.

•      The poor and the middle class are put to loss and suffering due to profiteering.

13.What is smuggling?

•      Bringing goods into the country without paying custom duties is called smuggling.

14.How can smuggling be controlled?

•      By encouraging import substitutions.

•      Suitable modulation of domestic market prices.

•      Proper export import policy, Strict coastal vigilance service, punitive measures, and inter state trade agreement.

15.What is Corruption? To control what are the steps taken by the government?

•      Corruption means an inducement to do wrong by bribery or other unlawful means. The offices of Lokapal and Lok Ayukta too have got corrective utility to control corruption.

16.What is the basic reason for the 33% reservation for women in the local government?

•      To improve the status of women Karnataka 33% reservation has been implemented for women in local government.

I.     Chose the correct answer:

1.    In India reorganization of states on linguistic basis took place in the year.

a.                                                                                    1965  b)1956

c.1953                                 d)1950

2.    National level right to education act was introudced

in the year.....

a. 2009 b. 1986           c.1961 d. 2010

3.    Government of India established national literacy mission in the year

a.2001 b. 2011 c. 1988                 d. 2002

4.    Right to education as fundamental right is guaranted through constitutional article a. Article 42 b. 21 c) 41                                            d) 93

II.       Answer in a sentence.

1.     What is communalisn?

A: It refers to split of national community on the basis of religion & strong feeling opposed to each other.

2.      What is Regionalism?

A: The strong feeling of people in favour of the local area in which they live.

3.      What is corruption?

A: an inducement to do wrong by bribery or other unlawful means.

4.    Name the organization established by karnataka group to eradicate corruption?

A: Lokpal & Lokayukta.

5.      What is poverty?

A: People are not able to get sufficient food, clothing, housing, and other basic necessities of life.

6.      What is profitering?

A: The excess profits earning trend at the cost of general pub lic or consumers.

III.       Answer is 2/3 sentences:

1.    What are the measures undertaken by the government to improve the status of women.

*      women empowerment women education.

*      Dowry prohibition Act.

*      probhibtion of polygany

*      Stree Shakthi programme for the development of rural woman

*Women reservation in jobs.

*      Share of girl child in father property.

2.      What are the measures to check smuggling?

A: * Suitable modulation of domestic market prices.

*      proper export import policy

*      strict coastal vigilancee service

*      Pumitive measures.

*      inter state trade agreements.

3.    What are the problems created by rapid growth of populal tion?

A:    unemployment *illiteracy *poverty *housing

problem *health problem * water scarcity problem.

4.    What are the measures undertaken to remove economic in equality?

A: * proper economic reforms.

*      careful fiscal polices

*      healthy taxation.

*      small scale and rural based industries.