SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS REFORMS-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

Chapter-05 History
SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS REFORMS
I.      Choose the correct answer and write.
1.     Tilak started a newspaper called Maratha But Annie Besant started a newspaper called .
a)       Kesari                   b) Samvada Koumudi
c) Young India           d)The Bengal Gazet.
2.      One of the founders of Theosophical Society.
a)    Swamy Vivekananda b) A.O. Hume
c) Madame Blavatsky d) M.G. Ranade
3.     Gandhiji inspired by the philosophy of vivekananda inspired by the philosophy of Jyothiba phule was.
a)       Rama Krishna Paramahamsa b) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar c) RamMohan Roy d) Atmaram Pannduranga.
4.     Caste should be decided based on the ablility and not on the birth of the person. This is stated by
a)       Dayananda Saraswathi b) Ram Mohan Roy c) Ramakrishna paramahamsa d) Swamy Vivekananda
5.      The President of the congress session in 1917 was
a)       Gandhiji        b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Annie Besant      d) A.O. Hume
II.     Answer the following questions in a sentence:
1.     Who stated freedom was the basic necessity of very individual?
A.      Jhothiba Phule
2.     Atmaram Panduranga started an Educational Institution. What is the name of that Institution?
A. Deccan Education Institution.
3.      Who was the leader of Aligarh movement?
A. Sir, Syed Ahmed Khan.
4.      Which languages RamMohan Roy was a Scholar?
A. Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, English, French, Greek Latin and others.
5.     In Which language newspaper Samvada Kaumudi started by RamMohan Roy?
A. Bengali.
III.    Answer the following questions in four sentences :
1.     What are the objectives of Theosophical society?
A. • To establish equality, universal brotherhood and harmony in society.
      Comparative study of ideology.
          Exploration of natural principles and the latent energy of the Individual.
2.     What are the factors responsible for social and religious reform in India.
A. • Communication of western civilization.
      Rationalism grew among Indians.
          It is well known fact that this rational attitude stimulated the Indians to question superstitions and the contradictions in their traditions.
1.     Explain the reforms propagated by Sathyashodhak Samaj?
      It urged for the prohibition of liquor.
      It opposed gender inequality, denial of Human Rights, exploitation of people, practice of untouchability.
      He condemned slavery.
      He advocated free and compulsory education.
      He propagated widow remarriage.
2.     Analyze the call of Dayananda Saraswathi to return to Vedas.
Dayananda Saraswathi emphasized that the Vedas were the source of truth and knowledge. So he gave the call to return to Vedas.
3.     What are the teachings of Brahmo Samaja?
      It attempted to bring in reforms in the traditions and customs in Hindu religion.
      It opposed idol worship and polytheism and encouraged monotheism.
      It condemned the performance of yagas and rituals and opposed priestly classes.
      It opposed sati system and child marriage.
      It emphasis on women education and widow remarriage.
4.     Analyse the objectives of Alighar movement?
It aimed at promoting harmony of Eastern and Western ideas through transformation of the Muslims in their political, social, educational, religious and philosophical beliefs.
5.     Which are the reforms brought about by Annie Besant?
      She started the activities of Theosophical society in India and gave new vitality.
      She aroused pride in Indian culture through lectures.
      She attempted to establish equality, universal brotherhood and harmony in the society.
      She gave her full support to the freedom struggle.
6.     Explain the vision of Ramakrishna mission?
      It propagated along with Yoga and prayer, social service was necessary to attain salvation.
      It continues to nurture culture through education and social service.
      It built school, college and orphanages to serve the people.
      It rendered its valuable service to the needy.
      It upholds equality in all the religion.
7.     Swami Vivekananda was a great inspiration to the youth. Explain.
      He was a revolutionary monk who opened the eyes of Indians to the importance of loving life.
      He stressed the significance of the individual, his presence and ability.
      He propagated along with Yoga and prayer, social service was necessary to attain salvation.
      He introduced Indian culture to the world.
Like this he inspired the youth.
8.     Why 19th century referred as the period of 'Indian Renaissance'?
      Indians came into contact with Western civilization.
      They got the advantage of English Education.
      Rationalism grew among the Indians.
      They started to question superstitions beliefs and contradictions in their religion.
      Western thought introduced the ideas of democracy, freedom, equality and nationalism to Indians.
9.     Why Rajaram Mohan Roy was called as 'Father of Indian Renaissance'?
He was the first person to think to bring changes in the Hindu society and reform it.
10. What are the principles of social and religious reforms?
      It opposed child marriage and polygamy.
      It encouraged girls education and widow remarriage.
      It opposed untouchability, caste system.
      It encourages widow remarriage.
      It opposed sati system.
      It provided justice to the people who were in trouble.
11. What are the principles propagated by Dayananda Saraswathi?
      It condemned caste system and idol worship.
      He emphasized the Vedas were the source of truth.
      He maintained caste should be based on ability, not on birth.
      He condemned innumerable meaningless practices and dominance of the priestly classes.
      He encouraged widow remarriage.
      He urged people to use swadeshi goods
12. Explain the role of Prarthana Samaja in social and religious movement?
      I t was founded on the principle that service to mankind is service to God.
      It aimed to develop the educational field through Deccan Education Institution.
      It encouraged widow remarriage and female literacy, intercaste marriage, dining together etc.
      It opposed child marriage, caste system, and idol worship and purdha system.
      It established orphanages, national schools and shelter homes for women established.
13.What are the roles of Sir Sayyed Ahemad Khan in social andreligious movement?
      He took the leadership of Alighar movement.
      He aimed at promoting harmony of Eastern and Western ideas through transformation of the Muslims in their political, social, educational, religious and philosophical beliefs.
      His main objective was to provide religious education along with western education.
      He supported female literacy.
      He opposed polygamy.
      He condemned widow remarriage.
I.      Choose the correct answer.
1.     In Indian history............... century is referred to as the pe
riod of "Indian Renaissance"
a.) 17th Century                b) 18th Century
c) 16th Century                 d) 19th Century
2.     The father of Indian Renaissance. a)Dayananda Saraswathi b) Swamy Vivekananda c) Rama Mohan Roy d) Dayananda Saraswathi
3.     The founder of Arya Samaj
a)      Atmaram pandu Ranga
b)      Rama Krishna paramahamsa
c)       Rama Mohan Roy
d)      Dayananda Saraswathi
4.     Atmaram Panduranga established this Smaj
a) Brahma Samaj               b) Ary samaj
c)      Prarthana Samaj d) Sathyashodhaka Samaj.
5.     The place where prathana samaj was establised.
a) Madras b) Mumbai c) Calcutta d) Orissa.
6.     The teacher of Swamy Vivekananda.
a) Dayananda Saraswathi b) Jyothibaplule
d)      Ranade c) Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.
7.     Annie Besant belongs to this country.
a) Ireland b)France c) England d)Spain
8.     Home rule movement started this year.
a) 1917           d)1916       c)1920        3)1919
9.      Dayananda Sarawathi established Arya Samaj. The founder of Brahma samaj was         
a) Jyothiba phule              b) Atmaram Panduranga
c) M.G. Ranede                 d) Rama Mohan Roy
10.  This movement started by Sir syed Ahmed khan.
a) Shuddi Movement b) Renaissance Movement c) Aligarh Movement d) Navodaya Movement
11.  Jyotiba phule started this Samaj.
a)Arya Samaj                      b)Brahma Samaj
c) Prarthana Samaj d) Sathya shodhak Samaj
II.    Answer the following questions in a sentence.
1.     Which western thoughts enlightened by Indians?
Ans: Democracy, freedom, equality and nationalism en lightened by Indians.
2.     Who introduced Act against "Sati system"
Ans: Lord William Bentinck.
3.     Mention the first social and Religion reforms?
Ans: Brahma samaj.
4.     Who papularised the Prarthana Samaj?
Ans: M.G. Ranade.
5.     Mention the name of a person who was influenced by Sa tyashodhak Samaj?
Ans: Shahu Maharaj
6.     What is the main aim of Ramakrishna mission?
Ans: To spread the message of equality of all religious and to put that into practice.
7.     Where was the conference of world Religious held in the year 1893
Ans: Chicago
8.     Mention the founder of theosophical society.
Ans: Madame Blavatsky and colonel H.S. Alcaret
9.      Name the newspapers started by Tilak Ans: Maratha and Kesari
10.Call back to Vedas' given by whom?
Ans: Dayananda Saraswathi.
11. Answer the following questions in 4 sentences.
1.     Why the 19th century is called the period of Indian Renais sance?
Ans: * Indians came into contact with western civilization.
*      Rationalism grew among Indians.
*      Indians began to question superstitions and the contra
dictions in their traditions.
*      English Education.
*      Western thought introduced the ideas of democracy freedom, equality and nationalisms to Indians.
2.     What are the reforms of Satyashodhak Samaj?
Ans: * Satyashodak Samaj urged for prohibition of liquor.
*      It vehemently opposed gender inequality.
*      Denial of human rights
*      Exploitation of people and opposed practice of untouch
ability.
*      It started a movement for social justice
*      Jyothiba phule established a school for girls.
*      He advocated free and compulsory education in order to
bring about reform in the social system.
*      Struggle for farmers.
3.     Who worked towards social reform?
Ans: Raja Ram Govinda Ranade, Jyothiba phule, Swamy Vivekananda, Annie Besant, Syed Ahmed Khan and other worked towards social reform.
4.     Analyse the objectives of the Aligarh movement.
Ans: * The Aligarh Movement aimed at promoting harmony of Eastern and western ideas through transformation of the Muslims in their political, social, educational, religious and Philosophical beliefs.
*      With an intention to provide modern education to the
Muslim community.
*     By Anglooriental college to provide religious education
along with western education and to create a modern soci ety through western education.
5.     Explain the vision of Ramakrishna Mission.
* The main objective of this organization was to spread the message of equality of all religions and to put that into practice.
*     Ramakrishna mission is continuing to nurture culture through education and social service.
*     Swamy vivekananda also said that apart from prayer and
practice of yoga. Social service is also necessary.
6.     Swamy Vivekananda also said was a great inspiration to the youth. Explain.
Ans: * Swamy Vivekananda was a revolutionary monk who opened the eyes of Indians to the importance of loving life.
*     He stressed the significance of the individual, his presence and ability.
*     He maintained that apart from prayer and practice of
yoga, social service was also necessary for achievement of salvation.
*     Ramakrishna mission is continuing to nurture culture through education and social service.
*     In 1893, at the Chicago conference of world Religions.
Swamy Vivekananda up held the greatness of Indian culture to the world. He was a role model to the youth.
I.     Answer in a sentence.
1.     Mention the name of a book written by Dayananda Saras wathi?
Ans: Sathyartha Prakasha
2.     Who started the activities of theosophical society in India?
Ans: Annie Besant.
3.     Mention the important activity of Arya Samaj?
Ans: Shuddi Movement.
4.     Which Samaj urged the prohibition of Liquor?
Ans: Satyashodak Samaj
5.     Mention the other name of Anglooriental College?
Ans: Aligarh Muslim University.
6.     What was the source thought of Ramakrishna?
Ans: Indian Culture.
II. 1) Why was RamMohan Roy called "the father of Indian Renaissance?"
Ans: * Mohan Roy argued that modern science and English Education were essential for an Indian revival.
*     He opposed exploition of women.
*     He led an organized attack against the practice of Sati and child marriage.
*     Ram Mohan Roy supported the prohibition of Sati Act
which was introudced by Lord Wiliam Bentinck.
*     He tried to develop rationalism among people through
journalism.
2)     What was the role of Dayananda Saraswathi for social and religious reform?
Ans: * Dayananda Saraswathi advised people to 'Return to the Vedas'.
*      He started shuddi movement
*      He condemned idol worship and the caste system.
*      He rejected the innumerable meaning less practices and
dominance of priestly class.
*      He urged people to use swadeshi goods.
*      He propounded his teaching in a book called 'Satyartha
Prakasha'
*      Dayananda Saraswathi inspired people to take part in the
freedom movement.
3)      Mention the social reform of prathna samaj.
Ans: * It gave priority to spread of Education.
*      It encouraged widow remarriage, female literacy inter
caste marriage, eating together by people of all castes.
*      Opposed child marriage, caste system, idol worship and
purdah system.
*      It maintained that all religions were paths towards the
truth and hence needed to be respected.
*      Orphanages, national schools and shelter homes for women were established.
1.      What are the reforms or principles of Brahma samaj?
*      Brahma samaj attempted to bring in reforms in the traditions and customs in Hindu Religion.
*      It opposed idol worship and polytheism, and encouraged
monotheism.
*      It condemned performance of yagas and rituals, and op
posed the priestly clats.
*      English education exposed Indians to western political
thought, it enabled the development of nationalism among Indians,
2.     What is the role of M.G. Ranade in social and religious re form?
*      M.G. Ranade popularized prarthana Samaj.
*      He believed that progress in the political and Economic
fields was impossible without reform of the society.
*      He propogated HinduMuslim unity.
*      He started a high school for edcuation of girl child.
1.           Dayananda Saraswathi wrote a book called
Sathyarthaprakasha, where as the book Gulamagiri (slavary) book written by 
a) Ram Mohan Roy b) Dayanada Saraswathi c) Jyothiba phule              d) Atmaram Panduranga
2.           Social Service was necessary for achievement of
Salvation (Moksha) this is stated by..................
a)      Ramakrishan paramahamsa
b)      Annie Besant
c)       Swamy vivekananda
d)        Gandhiji
3.     The prohibition of Sati Act was supported by.......

a)     Lord William Bentink b) Ram Mohan Roy c) Dayananda Saraswathi c) Syed Ahmed Khan.