THE FIRST WAR OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE(1857)-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

Chapter-06 History
THE FIRST WAR OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE(1857) 
1.     What were the effects of the Doctrine of Lapse? Analyse?
     The native kings those who are not having natural hier lost their kingdom.
     Dalhousie cancelled the post of Navab of navabs of Tanjavore and Carnatic.
     The rulers of Mughul and navab of Audh lost their kingdom.
     Lakhs of soldiers lost their jobs.
2.     Explain the administrative causes for the revolt of 1857?
     The British brought into force new civil and criminal laws.
     These laws applicable only to Indians.
     English became the language of the court.
     British judges favoured the British.
3.     The economic changes of the time were responsible for the 1857 revolt. How?
     Due to industrial revolution in England, Indian handicrafts and cottage industries suffered heavily.
     The British imposed heavy tax on Indian goods in England.
4.     What were the factors that disturbed the religious sentiments of the soldiers during the 1857 revolt?
     When they were forced to cross the oceans to serve the foreign countries.
     The rum our spread among the soldiers that Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs.
     The cows were sacred to the Hindus,the Muslims hate the pig.
5.     What was the immediate cause for the First war of Indian independence?
     The soldiers are provided with new Royal Enfield Rifles.
     The rum our spread among the soldiers that Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs.
     The cows were sacred to the Hindus, the Muslims hate the pig.
     This angered the soldiers to revolt against the British.
6.     What were the features of the declaration of the British
Queen in 1857? Or what were the effects of First war of Indian independence?
      The agreements made by the East India Company with the kings were accepted.
      Ambitious expansion plans had to be given up.
      A stable government had to be provided to India.
      There would be equality under law.
      The government would exhibit religious tolerance and not interfere in religious matters of the country.
This 'Magna Carta' of Queen Victoria.
7.      Make a list of the reasons for the failure of the revolt.
      Lack of leadership.
      Lack of unity among Indians.
      There was lack of strategy, expertise among soldiers, effective soldiers, discipline and direction.
      Many provincial kings did not support to the revolt.
      The people lost confidence in the soldiers due to their arson and looting.
      Indian soldiers were not provided modernized weapons.
8.      Write military causes for the revolt.
      The condition of the Indian soldiers under the British was pathetic.
      The Indians soldiers were not getting status, salary, opportunities and promotions.
      The religious sentiments of the soldiers were disturbed.
      The soldiers were forced to cross the oceans to serve on a foreign land.
I.      Choose the correct answer and write.
1.      The first war of Indian independence war fought in.
a.) 1867 A.D           b) 1857 A.D
c) 1875 AD              d) 1785 AD
2.      Which place was a strong military base of the British
a.) Barrackpur     b) Meerut
c) Delhi                d) Kanpur
3.     Who was declared as the 'Emperor of India' in the year 1857.
a) Shah Alam  b) NanaSaheb
c) Bahadur Shah II d) Tantya Topi.
4.     At Barrackpur, the Indian soldier who killed British commandar was
a) Nana Sahen b) Tantya topi
c) Mangal pandey  d) Narayana Rao
5.      Rani of Jhansi who revolted against the British was
a) Obanna        b) Lakshmi bai
c) Chennamma d) Mallamma.
6.      In which country did 'Industrial revolution' took place?
a) America              b) France
c) Russia                 d) Britain
7.     The queen of England made an announcement in the year.
a) 1857                    b) 1858
c) 1758                    d) 1785
1.      The kings who lost their Princely titles from the British
a)      The moghal emperor & the nawab of ondh
b)      The nawab of hyderabad & oudh
c)       The moghal emperor & the nawab of hyderabed.
d)      Nawab of ondh & shah alam
2.     Indain traders become unemployed one of the cause was.
a)      The revolt of 1857
b)      Large production
c)       The british imposed heavy Tax
d)      Cottage industries sufferred a death blow
3 The commission agents became the Govt & the farmers
were.

a) Govenment general
b) Soldiers
c) viceroy
d) Zamindars
The leader of jhansi revolt was

a) Nanasaheb
b) Lakshmibai
c) Tatya Topi
d) Bahadurshah






1.      Why did the indian soldiers lost confidence of people?
A. At Barackpur a british official was killed
2.      Why did the Indian soldiers lost confidence of people?
A. Due to their arson and looking
3.     Who was given the responsibilities of india after the revolt of 1857?
A. To the secretary of india affair in the british parliament
4.     In which year the queen of England made an announcement?
A. In 1858
1.     What were basic incidents of the 1857 revolt?
A. * Meerut became a strong military bas of the British.
*      Indian soldiers refused to use the greased cartridges.
*      The soldiers were imprisoned
*      Indian soldiers rushed into the prison and released the soldiers.
2.      What were the factors in queen england declaration?
A *The agreements made by the east india company with the kings were accepted.
*      Ambitions expansion plans had to be given up.
*      A stable Govt had to be provided to India.
*      There would be equality under law.
*      The Govt would exhibit religious Tolerance not interfere in religions matters of the country.
1.     The places came under the control of British as per the policy of Doctrine of lapse were.
a)      Satara, Delhi, Bengal, Jhansi
b)      Jhansi, Satara, Jaipur, Udaipur
c)       Jaipur, Delhi, Udaipur, Jhansi
d)      Bengal, Satara, Jaipur, Udaipur
2.     It is one of the reasons for failure of fist war of Independence.
a)      British did not participate in the struggle
b)      Fighter fought with courage.
c)       Soldiers had a well defined aim.
d)      Soldiers did not had a well defined aim.
3.      Leader at Kanpur revolt was.
a)      Nana saheb & Mangal Pandey
b)      Nana saheb & Tatya topi
c)       Tantya topi & Mangal pandey
d)      Bahadurshah & Tatya topi.
4.      During 1857 the Language used in Indian courts was.
a) English      b) Persian c) Hindi d) Bengali
5.      The first war of Independence spread to these places.
a) Jhansi, Bengal, Delhi.            b) Delhi, Bihar, Jhansi
c) Kanpur, Orissa, Bengal          d) Delhi, Kanpur, Jhansi
1.     What policies were brought by British to expand their rule in India ?
A. • Doctrine of lapse.
     Subsidiary alliance.
2.      What was the reason for soldiers unemployment?
A. The Moghal sultans & the nawab of oudh were stripped of their kingly status.
3.     Who was given the responsibility of Indian administration after the first war of Independence?
A. To the secretary of Indian affairs.
4.      Who introduced the policy of Doctrine of lapse?
A. Lord Dalhousie.
5.     Which Province/Place Rani of Jhansi won against the British revolt?
A. Gwalior.
1.     Analyse the results of the policy of Doctrine of lapse?
A. • Many Kingdoms lost their rights.
     Satara, Jaipur, Jhansi, Udaipur, came under British control.
     Rani of Jhansi, Laxmibai revolted against the British.
     It became a shortage cause for the protest of 1857.
2.     "Economic changes became a cause for the revolt of 1857" substaintiate this statement?
A. • Due to the industrial revolution in England Indian industries suffered.
     Indian craftsman became unemployed.
      The British imposed a heavy tax on sale of indian goods in England as a result Indian industries suffered a death blow.
           Because of the Zamindari system farmers were explointed & they lost their lands.
     Through 'Inam commission all the gifted lands were taken back.
3.     What were the factors that disturbed the religions sentiments of the soldiers during the 1857 revolt?
A. • The soldiers were given new rifles called royal enfield greased with the fat of cow & pigs.
           Indian soldiers were forced to cross the oceans to serve on a foreign land.
1.     What did the English historians refer the first war of Indian Independence?
Ans: ' The Sepoy Mutiny"
2.     Which nawabs princely titles were concelled by Lord Dal housie?
Ans: The Nawabs of Tanjore and Carnatic Kingdoms.
3.     Why did Indian handicrafts and college industries suffered heavily?
Ans: Due to the industrial revolution in England.
4.     What was the name of the rifle given by British to Indian soldiers?
Ans: Royal Enfield'.
5.      What did the Indians call the revolt of 1857?
Ans: The first war of Indian Independence.
II.       Answer in about the sentance:
1.     What was the immediate cause for the first war of Indian Independence?
Ans: * The soldiers were being given new rifles called ' Royal Enfield'
*     A rumour was spread that the cartridge used in these
rifles were greased with the fat of cow & pigs.
*     While cows were sacred to the Hindus, pigs were blasp
hemons for Muslims.
*     Officers ordered the Indian soldiers to pull the safety
catch with the help of their teeth, the soldiers rejected & the re volt started.
2.     What was the political cause for the first war of Indian independence?
*     Many kingdoms lost their rights due to promulgation of
doctrine of lapse.
*     Satara, jaipur, jhansi, udaipur & other Kingdoms came
under British contest.
*     Princely titles of the Nawab of Tanjore and carnatic were
cancelled.
*      Thousands of soldiers who were dependent on their kings
became unemployed.
3.      What were the economic causes for the first war of Indian Independence?
Ans: * Due to the industrial revolution in England, Indian handicrafts and cottage industries suffered heavily.
*      The Indian craftsmen became unemployed.
*      The British impose a heavy tax on sale of Indian goods in
England.
*      Beacuse of Zamindari system the farmers were exploited.
*      Indian lands were take back the farmers were insulted &
experienced many problems
4.      What were the administrative causes for the first war of Indian independence?
Ans: * The British brought into force new civil and criminal laws.
*      Most of the time the British judges favored the British.
*      The new rules were not understood by the common
people.
*      English became the language of the courts so the Indians

suffered