THE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH ADMINISTRATION AND ITS EFFECT-10th Social Science Notes and Question Bank

Chapter-04 History
THE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH ADMINISTRATION AND ITS EFFECT.
I.     Choose the correct answer and write.
1.     The system brought by Lord Wellesly
a.) Zamindari system b) Ryotwari system c) Doctrine of lapse d) Subsidiary alliance
2.     The first Anglo maratha war ended by this treaty.
a)                                                             Mangalore treaty              b) Srirangapattana
c) Salbai treaty                  d)Bassin treaty
3.     Peshwa Bajrao II accepted the doctrine of subsidiary alli ance after signing the following treaty
a) Bassein treaty               b) Salbai treaty
c)Ahmedabad treaty       d)Mangaluru treat
4.     'Lion of Punjab' is known as
a) Lal singh                                          b) Ranjith Singh
c)Dulip Singh                                      d) Mansingh
5.     The Act which abolished Robert clive's dual Government was
a) Minto Morley reforms                b) Pitts India Act
c) Regulating Act                              d) Indian Council Act
6.     The Act established the Supreme Court was.
a)      The govt of India Act of 1935.
b)      Pitts India Act of 1784.
c)       Regulating Act of 1773.
d)      The Indian council Act of 1861.
7.     The Countries that had excelled in adventures acts of discovering new lands were.
a)      England, spain, portugal
b)      Spain, Portugal, Holland
c)       America, England, Spain
d)      England, America, Spain
8.     The act facilitate to appoint A High commissioner to India was
a) Regulating Act              b) Pitts India Act
c) The Indian Council Act d) Govt of India Act of 1919
9.     Owing to the growth of modern industries and developments in transport and communication new class have sprung up
a) Skilled worker class b) Labour class c) Royal class              d) Capitalists class
10.  Factor responsible for invasion of ocean lands and estab- lishment of colonies.
a) expansion of nations policy b) selling of goods
c)      obtaining raw materials
d)      Competition among nations
11.       Due to capitalist system a class of society vanished was.
a) Merchants                    b) Land holders
c) Handicrafts                 d) Farmers
12.  Minto morly reforms of 1909 does not include the following factor.
a)      expansion of the central legislature.
b)      expansion of the Professional legislature Assembly.
c)       A separate electoral constituency based
d)      Freedom to the provinces
13.  The first stone to implement subsidiary alliance was a) Wodeyars of mysore b) Nawab of ondh
c) Nawab of Hyderabad
1.     What were the results of 3rd Anglo Maratha war?
A. • The peshwa was dethroned.
• Holkar and Bhonsle came under the doctrine of subsidiary alliance.
2.     Which Act provide facility for a seperate electoral constituency based on religion?
A. • Minto Morley reforms of 1909.
1.      Which province did the English acquired after the first An
glo Maratha war?
Ans: Ahmedabad.
2.     What was the main cause for second Anglo Maratha war?
Ans: The internal wars between the Marathas.
3.      To whom the British supported in the second Anglo Mara
tha war?
Ans. Peshwa Bajrao II.
4.      On which provinces Ranjith Singh gained control?
Ans: Amritsar and Ludhiana.
5.      What is the name of Sikh Army?
Ans: Khalsa.
6.      Who was the prime minister of Dulip Singh.
Ans: Lal Singh
7.      What was the name of British trading institution?
Ans: East India Company
8.      Who was the first Governor General of India?
Ans: Warren Hasting.
9.      When was the Pitt's India Act introduced?
Ans: In 1784.
10.      Which Act established supreme court?
Ans: 1773 rgulating Act
11.      Where was supreme court first eastablished in India? Ans: Calcutta.
12.      What is the important feature of the Act of 1935?
Ans: It gave freedom to the provinces in administration.
13.  Which act provide that the Indians could particpate in Indian administration?
Ans: The Indian council Act of 1861.
14.  Which Act granted for appointing a Board of Control to enable efficient administration?
Ans: Pitt's India Act of 1784.
15.      Which act brought Bicameral govts in provinces?
Ans: Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague Chelms ford Reforms)
16.      Who framed Minto Morley reforms of 1909?
Ans: Viceroy of India Minto and his secretary Morley.
1.     The first native king who implemented 'the subsidiary alliance was Nizam of Hyderabad.
2.      II AngloMarata war ended with the treaty of Basseine.
3.     The establishment of the Supreme Court in Calcutta was permitted by Regulating Act of 1773.
4.     The religion based electoral constituency was recommended by 1909 Act(MintoMorleyReforms)
5.     The Doctrine of subsidiary alliance was brought into practice by Lord Wellesley.
6.     The first AngloMarata war ended with Salbai treaty.
7.     The Lion of Punjab was Ranjith Singh.
8.     Dulip Singh succeeds Ranjith Singh.
9.     Regulating Act : 1773: : Pitt's India Act:1784
10.  The first Governor General of India was Warren Hasting.
11.  The Indian Council Act 1861 provided the provision to the Indians could participate in Indian administration.
12.  A legislative assembly with two houses was created at the center acc. to Government India ACT / Montague Chelmsford Reforms 1919.
13.  Government India ACT / Montague Chelmsford Reforms 1919 The basis for theIndian constitution.
1.   Factor responsible for invasion of ocean lands and stablishment of colonies.
a)      Expansion of nation's policy b) selling of goods
c)      Obtaining raw materials
d)      Competition among nations
2.   Due to capitalist system a class of society vanished was
a) Merchants                   b) Land holders
c) Handicrafts                  d) Farmers
3.   Minto morly reforms of 1909 does not include the following factor.
a)      Ecpaension of the central legislature.
b)      Expaension of the Professional legislature Assembly.
c)      A sapaerate electoral constituency based
d)      Freedom to the provinces
4.   The first stone to implement subsidiary alliance was a) wodeyars of mysore b) Nawab of ondh
c) Nawab of Hyderabad d) Nawab of Bengal.
1.     Explain subsidiary alliance?
A. * The king had to allow troops of the british army to stay in his kingdom.
* The company had appointed a Resident to look after the internal affairs of the kingdom.
2.     What was the main aim of subsidiary alliance?
A. The sole purpose of this policy was to make the Indian kings bear the expense of managing the huge army of the british.
3.     In what form the difference cansed by import and import of goods had to be gain?
A. In the form of metals.
4.     Why the Act of 1861 occupies an importat place in the development of the indian constitulion?
A. According to this indians can be nominated to the working committee.
5.      Which Act dicided the topics related to administration? A. Govt of india Act of 1919 (Montagne chelmsford
reforms).
6.      Who were the maratha leader fought against Holkar?
A. Scindhia and Bajerao peshwa II
7.      What factors led to the rise of capitatism?
A. Development of new technology and discoveries in Europe.
8.     To whom Nana phadnavis supported in the war of succession?
A. Madhavrao peshwa II.
9.     Which were the new classes sprung up owing to the growth of modern industries & transport?
A. * The capitalist class * workers class
*      transport workers * agricultural labourers
*      contractors                   * land holders
*      merchants etc.
10.      What were the salient features of the regulating act of 1773?
A. * The dual govt system was abolished
*      The governor of Bengal came to be called governor
general.
*      An advisory committee was set up to assist in the administration.
*      Supreme court was establishad in india
11.      What were the main features of pitt's India act of 1784? A * To enable efficient administration permission was
granted for appointing a board of control.
*      It Permitted the establistment of a privy council in the advising committee.
*      East India company came under the control of the British government.
12.  What were the main features of indian council Act of 1861?
A * Indian's can be nominated to the working comimttee.
*      For the first time, Indians can participate in Indian ad­ministration.
*      It occupies an important place in the development of the
indian constitution
13.  What were the main features of minto morley refoms of 1909?
A * expansion of the central legislature
*      The provincial legistative assemblies expanded.
*      Gave provision for elected representatives.
*      A separate electoral constituency was formed based on
religion.
14.  What were the features of the government of India Act of 1935?
A * This became an important document
*      It became the basis for the indian censtitution
*      This led to the creation of federal structure in the
country.
*      It gave freedom to the provinces in administration.
1.    What was the result of industrial capitalism of British in
India?
Because of Industrial capitalism Indian cottage industries ruined.
2.    What were the factors paved way to trade capitalism?
Development of new technology and discoveries, especially in the field of agriculture and industry, led to rise of capitalism.
3.    Explain Doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance?/ What were the terms and conditions of Doctrine of Subsidiary Alliance?
     To expand The British Empire and to have political control Lord Wellesley introduced this system.
     Acc. To this the king could not enter into any treaty or wage war with any other king.
     He had to allow troops of the British Army and look after its needs.
     The company had appointed a resident to look after its needs.
4.      'The government of India Act of 1935 became an important document'. How?
Because, the government of India Act of 1935 led to the creation of a federal structure country. It became the basis for the Indian constitution that was framed in independent India.
5.    'The Act of 1861 occupies an important place in the development of the Indian constitution'. Justify.
The Act of 1861 occupies an important place in the development of the Indian constitution. Acc. to this, Indians could be nominated to the Working Committee. For the first time, Indians could participate in Indian administration.
6.    What are the main features or recommendations of The
Regulating Act 1773?
     The governor of Bengal came to be called Governor General.
     An Advisory Committee was set up to assist in the administration.
     Copies of documents relating to Company's affairs were required to be sent to the Secretary of State.
     The Supreme Court was established at Calcutta.
7.    What are the reforms brought down by the 1919 Act?
     It permitted expansion of the Central Legislature.
     The provincial legislative assemblies expanded and gave provision for elected representatives.
     A separate electoral constituency was formed based on religion.
1.    How the British did established their supremacy in the Punjab province?
     Ranjith Singh was famous king of Sikhs. He was succeeded by Dulip Singh.
     Lalsingh, his Prime Minister attacked on British with his Khalsa contingent.
     When he was defeated by the British, Dulip Singh had to accept the Subsidiary Alliance.
     Upset by this the Khalsa soldiers rebelled against the British.

     War took place between Khalsa army and the British soldiers.

     Punjab province became a part of British Empire.